Water Conflict Chronology References

A.B. 1998. “The Hassi R’mel-Arzew Gas Pipeline Damaged by Two Bombs.” El Watan, February 23.

AAP. 2017. “38 killed in tribal clashes in South Sudan.” SBS News. Accesed March 29, 2018. https://www.sbs.com.au/news/38-killed-in-tribal-clashes-in-south-sudan.

ABC News. 2007. “Man charged with murder after lawn watering dispute.” November 1. https://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/11/01/2078076.htm.

Abi-Habib, M. and Kumar, H. 2018. “Deadly Tensions Rise as India’s Water Supply Runs Dangerously Low.” The New York Times, June 17. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/17/world/asia/shimla-india-drought-water.html.

Abidi, A. 2018. “Hunt for pasture and water driving conflict in Marsabit.” The Standard, October 24. https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/article/2001300135/hunt-for-pasture-and-water-driving-conflict-in-marsabit.

Absolute Astronomy. n.d. “Incapacitating agent.” Accessed 2006. https://www.absoluteastronomy.com/reference/incapacitating_agent.

Aburawa, A. 2011. “Can water end the Arab-Israeli conflict?” Al Jazeera English, July 29. https://english.aljazeera.net/indepth/features/2011/07/20117278519784574.html.

ACAPS. 2019. "Ukraine: Conflict in Donetsk and Luhansk. Briefing note - 4 November 2019." ReliefWeb. Accessed November 13, 2019. https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/20191104_acaps_briefing_note_ukraine_conflict_in_donetsk_and_luhansk.pdf.

Adel, J. 2014. “End in sight for Kufra violence as Reconciliation Committee negotiates truce.” Libya Herald, March 5. https://www.libyaherald.com/2014/03/05/end-in-sight-for-kufra-violence-as-reconciliation-committee-negotiates-truce/.

Afghan War Diary/Wikileaks. 2009. “Criminal Event, Sabotage RPT 2-377: 0 INJ/DAM.” Accessed 2018.

AFP/VOA. 2019. “Dans l’est du Tchad, regain de tensions mortelles entre agriculteurs et éleveurs.” VOA, May 20. Accessed June 25, 2019. https://www.voaafrique.com/a/conflit-communautaire-dans-l-est-du-tchad-au-moins-31-morts-depuis-jeudi/4924831.html.

Agence France-Presse (AFP). 1999. “One killed at Angolan embassy as bombs rock Zambian capital.” February 28.

Agence France-Presse (AFP) 2000. “Guerrillas Attack Mormon Temples in Cali.” April 11.

Agence France-Presse (AFP). 2001. “Macedonian troops fight for water supply as president moots amnesty.” June 8. https://www.balkanpeace.org/hed/archive/june01/hed3454.shtml.

Agence France-Presse (AFP). 2002. “Kashmir water clash.” Japan Times, May 27.

Agence France-Presse (AFP). 2008. “Mali: One dead, five hurt in anti-water privatisation protest.” November 13. Accessed April 4, 2014. https://washafrica.wordpress.com/2008/11/13/mali-one-dead-five-hurt-in-anti-water-privatisation-protest/.

Agence France-Presse (AFP). 2012a. “Kenya to hold peace meeting after 52 killed.” Bangkok Post, August 23. https://www.bangkokpost.com/world/309048/kenya-to-hold-peace-meeting-after-52-killed.

Agence France-Presse (AFP). 2012b. “Trouble at Brazil mega-dam stops construction for now.” Yahoo News, November 12. https://sg.news.yahoo.com/trouble-brazil-mega-dam-stops-construction-now-224442732.html.

Agence France-Presse (AFP). 2013. “19 Algerians arrested over water riot: report.” Morocco World News, September 5. https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2013/09/103564/19-algerians-arrested-over-water-riot-report/.

Agence France-Presse (AFP). 2015a. “At Least 23 Killed in Somalia Clan Violence.” Hiiraan Online, January 22. https://www.hiiraan.com/news4/2015/jan/97837/at_least_23_killed_in_somalia_clan_violence.aspx.

Agence France-Presse (AFP). 2015b. “Latest FARC Attack Leaves Colombia Town without Water.” Yahoo News, June 5. https://news.yahoo.com/latest-farc-attack-leaves-colombia-town-without-water-010720799.html.

Agence France-Presse (AFP). 2015c. “Swathes of Ukraine’s Rebel East Lose Access to Water: Governor.” May 25. https://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/swathes-of-ukraine-s-rebel-east-lose-access-to-water-governor-115052500014_1.html.

Agence France-Presse (AFP). 2015d. “PKK kills Turkish soldier, abducts customs officials – army.” Jordan Times, August 23. Accessed March 5, 2018. https://www.jordantimes.com/news/region/pkk-kills-turkish-soldier-abducts-customs-officials-%E2%80%94-army.

Agence France-Presse (AFP). 2018a. “8 dead in Mali ethnic clashes.” ENCA.com, March 20. Accessed March 20, 2018. https://www.enca.com/africa/8-dead-in-mali-ethnic-clashes.

Agence France-Presse (AFP). 2018b. “Massacares in Nigeria: extreme violence with complex roots.” Journal du Cameroun, June 29, 2018. Accessed October 3, 2019. https://www.journalducameroun.com/en/massacres-in-nigeria-extreme-violence-with-complex-roots/.

Agence France-Presse (AFP). 2019a. “Farmers and nomads take to violence in drought-stricken Chad.” Borneo Bulletin, April 8. https://borneobulletin.com.bn/farmers-and-nomads-take-to-violence-in-drought-stricken-chad/.

Agence France-Presse (AFP). 2019b. “Tamil Nadu Man Killed in Fight Over Water as Deadly Heat Wave Scorches India.” News18, June 8. https://www.news18.com/amp/news/india/tamil-nadu-man-killed-in-fight-over-water-as-deadly-heatwave-scorches-india-2177199.html?__twitter_impression=true.

Agence France-Presse (AFP). 2019c. “Seven Arrested in Killing of 37 in Central Mali.” VOA, January 2. Accessed March 8, 2019. https://www.voanews.com/a/seven-arrested-in-killing-of-37-in-central-mali/4726762.html.

Agren, D. 2016. “Honduras confirms murder of another member of Berta Caceres’s activist group.” The Guardian, July 7. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jul/07/honduras-murder-lesbia-janeth-urquia-berta-caceres.

Agren, D. 2019. “Mexican activist shot dead before vote on power project he opposed.” The Guardian, February 20. https://amp.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/20/mexican-activist-shot-dead-before-vote-on-pipeline-he-opposed?__twitter_impression=true.

Ahmed, A. 1999. “Fifty hurt in Bangladesh strike violence.” Reuters News Service, April 18.

Aiello, K. 2009. “Duke Energy and the Disappearing Waters of Peru.” October 7. https://nacla.org/news/duke-energy-and-disappearing-waters-peru.

Al Arabiya News. 2012. “Egypt, Sudan could seek military action over Nile: WikiLeaks.” October 12. https://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2012/10/12/243396.html.

Al Jazeera. 2012. “Dozens killed in Kenya Clashes.” August 22. Accessed August 8, 2019. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2012/08/201282214141543505.html.

Al Jazeera. 2013. “Sri Lanka army slammed for killing protesters.” August 7. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2013/08/201387152944804834.html.

Al Jazeera. 2015. “ISIL launches fierce attacks across Iraq.” January 15. Accessed February 27, 2018. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2015/01/isil-launches-fierce-attacks-across-iraq-peshmerga-201511571956227799.html.

Al Jazeera. 2018a. “Iraqi Activist Soad Al-Ali in restive Basra.” September 26. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/09/iraqi-activist-soad-al-ali-shot-dead-basra-protests-180926055953178.html.

Al Jazeera. 2018b. “Iraq: Calm returns to Basra after week of violent protests.” September 9. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/09/iraq-calm-returns-basra-week-violent-protests-180909093856071.html.

AlJazeera. 2019. “India reiterates plan to stop sharing water with Pakistan.” February 21. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/02/india-reiterates-plan-stop-sharing-water-pakistan-190221193059359.html;

Al Jazeera. 2020. "UN condemns water cutoff to Libyan capital Tripoli." April 11, 2020. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/4/11/un-condemns-water-cutoff-to-libyan-capital-tripoli.

Al Jazeera. 2021a. "Two killed in Iran’s Khuzestan water crisis protests." July 18, 2021. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/7/17/one-man-shot-dead-in-irans-khuzestan-water-crisis-protests. Accessed January 14, 2022.

Al Jazeera. 2021b. "Environmental activist Carlos Cerros killed in Honduras." March 23, 2021. Accessed January 14, 2021. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/3/23/environmental-activist-killed-in-honduras.

Al-Ariqi, A. 2006. “Water war in Yemen.” Yemen Times, Vol. 14, Issue 932, April 24. https://yementimes.com/article.shtml?i=932&p=health&a=1.

Al-Mughrabi, N. 2013. “Sewage swamps Gaza streets as Egypt tunnel closures cut off power.” Reuters, November 14. https://www.reuters.com/article/2013/11/14/us-palestinians-gaza-power-idUSBRE9AD0P620131114.

Al-Qadhi, M. 2003. “Thirst for water and development leads to conflict in Yemen.” Choices, The Human Development Magazine. United Nations Development Programme, 12(1): 13-14.

Al-Rodaini, F. 2018. Twitter post and photos. August 31. Accessed September 1, 2018. @Fatikr. https://twitter.com/Fatikr/status/1035619855851028481/photo/1.

Al-Youm, A. 2015. “Water pipe bombed in Shariqiya.” Egypt Independent, June 24. Accessed March 5, 2018. https://www.egyptindependent.com/water-pipe-bombed-sharqiya/.

Alami, A. 2014. “On Moroccan hill, villagers make stand against a mine.” The New York Times, January 23. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/24/world/africa/on-moroccan-hill-villagers-make-stand-against-a-mine.html?_r=1.

Algohbary, A. 2018. Twitter post and photos. August 31. Accessed September 1, 2018. @AmhadAlgohbary. https://twitter.com/AhmadAlgohbary/status/1035657328547254272/photo/1.

Ali, N. and Wallis, D. 2008. “Clashes over water kill 4 in drought-hit Kenya.” Reuters, October 17. https://www.reuters.com/article/idUSWAL762271.

Alkhshali, H. and Smith-Spark, L. 2015. “Iraq: ISIS Fighters Close Ramadi Dam Gates – CNN.com.” CNN, June 4. https://www.cnn.com/2015/06/04/middleeast/iraq-isis-ramadi/index.html.

All Africa. 2014. “Nigeria: Benue, Plateau, Nasarawa Killings – Jonathan Deploys Troops in States.” April 1. https://allafrica.com/stories/201404010170.html?viewall=1.

Almohsen, R.A. 2015. “Thousands die in Yemen in fights over water.” SciDevNet, June 25. https://www.scidev.net/index.cfm?originalUrl=global/water/news/water-death-yemen-conflict.html.

Alwan, A. 2015. “Islamic State seizes dam, kills Iraqi general and more than 100 soldiers.” The Sydney Morning Tribune, April 25. Accessed February 28, 2018. https://www.smh.com.au/world/islamic-state-seizes-dam-kills-iraqi-general-and-more-than-100-soldiers-20150426-1mtcdg.html.

Aman, F. 2013. “Afghan Water Infrastructure Threatens Iran, Regional Stability.” Al-Monitor, January 7. https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2013/01/afghanwatershortageiranpakistan.html#.

Amare, T. 2019. “There was no one to help us.” Norwegian Refugee Council, May 13. https://www.nrc.no/perspectives/2019/displaced-in-ethiopia-there-was-no-one-to-help-us/.

Amnesty International. 2004. “Sudan: Darfur: Too many people killed for no reason.” February 3. https://www.amnesty.org.uk/press-releases/sudan-too-many-people-being-killed-no-reason.

Amnesty International. 2006. “Israel/Lebanon. Deliberate destruction or ‘collateral damage’? Israeli attacks on civilian infrastructure.” https://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGMDE180072006.

Amnesty International. 2011. “Where is the Dignity in That? Women in Solomon Islands Slums Denied Sanitation and Safety.” September. https://www.amnesty.org.nz/files/SolomonIslandsWEB.pdf.

Amnesty International. 2012. “Guatemala: Lives and livelihoods at stake in mining conflict.” June 21. https://www.amnesty.org/en/news/guatemala-lives-and-livelihoods-stake-mining-conflict-2012-06-21.

Amnesty International. 2018a. “Iraq: Effective investigations needed into deaths of protestors in Basra.” Public Statement published in ReliefWeb.int, September 7. https://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/iraq-effective-investigations-needed-deaths-protesters-basra.

Amnesty International. 2018b. “Dead Land: Islamic State’s Deliberate Destruction of Iraq’s Farmland.” Accessed 5/3/2019. https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/mde14/9510/2018/en/.

Anatolia. 1999. “Firebombs hurled at Water Tank, DSP Office in Istanbul.” September 29.

Angelakis, A.N., Chiotis, E., Eslamian, S., and Weingartner, H., eds. 2016. Underground Aqueducts Handbook. CRC Press.

Antara, J.G. 2012. “Bloody Clashes in Indonesia’s Maluku Claim Another Life.” The Jakarta Globe, March 8. https://www.thejakartaglobe.com/news/bloody-clashes-in-indonesias-maluku-claim-another-life/503346.

AP News. 2020. "Farmers hold out at seized Mexican dam as tensions build." September 11, 2020. Accessed January 14, 2022. https://apnews.com/article/archive-mexico-c5feb6170aa6bd7c81cf3d41300fbee0.

Aquino, M. and Wade, T. 2012. “Update 3-Peru uses emergency rules to try to end anti-mining protest.” Reuters, May 28. https://www.reuters.com/article/xstrata-peru-idUSL1E8GS34F20120529.

Arbuthnot, F. 2000. “Allies deliberately poisoned Iraq public water supply in Gulf War.” Sunday Herald, Scotland, September 17.

Arnold K. 2018. “In Kyrgyzstan, warming brings less water – and more conflict.” Thomson Reuters Foundation, November 9. https://news.trust.org//item/20181109040519-tobfo/.

Aslan, Dilara (ed). 2020. "Libyans protest dire living conditions deepend by years of conflict." Daily Sabah. August 24, 2020. https://www.dailysabah.com/politics/libyans-protest-dire-living-conditions-deepened-by-years-of-conflict/news.

Associated Press (AP). 1999a. “FBI raises reward for Puerto Rican guerrilla leader.” January 15.

Associated Press (AP). 1999b. “Bombs explode in five areas of Zambian capital, one killed.” February 28.

Associated Press (AP). 2002. “Earth Liberation Front members threaten Colorado town’s water.” October 15.

Associated Press (AP). 2003a. “Water targeted, magazine reports.” May 29.

Associated Press (AP). 2003b. “Incendiary devices placed at water plant.” September 25.

Associated Press (AP). 2004. “US dumps water projects in Gaza over convoy bomb.” May 6.

Associated Press (AP). 2005. “At least 16 killed in Somalia over water, pasture battles.” June 8.

Associated Press (AP). 2009. “Bomb in Water Truck Kills 3 in Afghanistan.” November 23. https://www.signonsandiego.com/news/2009/nov/23/bomb-in-water-truck-kills-3-in-afghanistan/.

Associated Press (AP). 2010. “Fighting between tribes in Pakistan kills 102.” September 17. https://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5hkiMxbHNH0BqgpWA2ZG6VD6wVTmAD9I9NH7G0.

Associated Press (AP). 2012a. “Brazil police investigate indigenous claim that creek in sacred land was poisoned.” Fox News, November 21. https://www.foxnews.com/world/2012/11/21/brazil-police-investigate-indigenous-claim-that-creek-in-sacred-land-was/.

Associated Press (AP). 2012b. “Egypt: Contaminated water causes illness, protests.” August 21. https://news.yahoo.com/egypt-contaminated-water-causes-illness-protests-181521540.html.

Associated Press (AP). 2013a. “Chinese protestors plead guilty after water pollution riot in Qidong.” The Guardian, January 31. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jan/31/china-wastewater-pollution-riots-qidong.

Associated Press (AP). 2013b. “Iran farmers clash with police over water rights.” The Hindu, March 2. https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/world/iran-farmers-clash-with-police-over-water-rights/article4469112.ece.

Associated Press (AP). 2018a. “11 killed in suspected communal violence in central Nigeria.” VOA.com, September 3. Accessed December 15, 2018. https://www.voanews.com/a/killed-in-suspected-communal-violence-in-central-nigeria/4555657.html.

Associated Press (AP). 2018b. “Videos show gunfire amid Iran protests over water scarcity.” CNBC World News, July 1. https://www.cnbc.com/2018/07/01/videos-show-gunfire-amid-iran-protests-over-water-scarcity.html?__source=sharebar%7Ctwitter&par=sharebar

Associated Press (AP). 2019. "Chile's protest violence escalates as 3 die in fire at ransacked supermarket." South China Morning Post, October 20, 2019. https://www.scmp.com/news/world/americas/article/3033742/chiles-president-reverses-subway-fare-hike-triggered-worst.

Associated Press (AP). 2020a. "More clashes in Mexico over repaying U.S. water debt." The Washington Times. July 19, 2020. https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2020/jul/19/more-clashes-in-mexico-over-repaying-us-water-debt/.

Aswat al-Iraq. 2014a. “Fire Shot againast an Iranian Company South Kirkuk.” HighBeam Research, March 11. https://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-361300997.html.

Aswat al-Iraq. 2014b. “2 injured in Touzkhormatoo.” The Free Library, By Farlex, March 24. https://www.thefreelibrary.com/2+inured+in+Touzkhormatoo-a0362796265.

Athumani, Halima. 2020. "UNHCR Urges Investigations After 10 Refugees Killed in Uganda Water Conflict." VOA. September 15, 2020. Accessed January 14, 2022. https://www.voanews.com/africa/unhcr-urges-investigations-after-10-refugees-killed-uganda-water-conflict.

Auyezov, Olzhas, Olga Dzyubenko, Nazarali Pirnazarov, and Raissa Kasolowsky (ed). 2021. "Kyrgyz and Tajik security forces clash at border in water dispute." Reuters. April 29, 2021. Accessed March 2, 2022. https://www.reuters.com/world/asia-pacific/kyrgyz-tajik-security-forces-clash-border-water-dispute-2021-04-29/.

Axis History Forum. 2004. “Dnieper Dam Blown up by Retreating Russians.” Axishistory.com. Accessed February 10, 2011. https://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?f=55&t=52940.

Bachiene, W. 1791. Vaderlandsche geographie of nieuwe tegenwoordige staat en hedendaagsche historie der Nederlanden. Amsterdam.

Baltimore Sun. 1970. “Young ‘Neo-Nazis’ Held As Vandals.” October 20.

Banerjee, B. 2014. “Armed Bandits Demand Water in Dry Northern India.” Associated Press, July 22.

Barakish.net. 2013. “Taiz. Water Pipeline Explosion” June 24 [in Arabic]. https://barakish.net/news.aspx?cat=12&sub=12&id=52131.

Barnes, J.E. 2014. “U.S. Steps Up Airstrikes in Iraq’s Anbar Province.” Wall Street Journal, October 19. https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-steps-up-airstrikes-in-iraqs-anbar-province-1413732164.

Barrett, G. 2003. “Iraq’s bad water brings disease, alarms relief workers.” The Olympian, June 29.

Barry, J.M. 1997. Rising Tide: The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 and How it Changed America. New York: Simon and Schuster. pg. 67.

Becerra, H. 2014. “In Mexico, water fight underscores distrust of government.” Los Angeles Times, July 7. https://www.latimes.com/world/mexico-americas/la-fg-mexico-water-riot-20140707-story.html.

Belitser, N., Gerasymchuk, S., Grytsenko, O., Dovgopol, Y., Zhminko, Z., Matiychyk, Y., Sushko, O. and Chabala, O. 2009. Transnistrian problem: A view from Ukraine. Strategic and Security Studies Group (SSSG). Kieve, Ukraine. https://www.irf.ua/files/eng/text_eng.pdf.

Berger, J. 2016. “A Dam, Small and Unsung, Is Caught Up in an Iranian Hacking Case.” The New York Times, March 25. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/26/nyregion/rye-brook-dam-caught-in-computer-hacking-case.html.

Berwani, H. 2008. “Gunmen blow up drinking water station near Dalouiya.” Iraqi News, October 21. Accessed February 15, 2018. https://www.iraqinews.com/iraq-war/gunmen-blow-up-drinking-water-station-near-dalouiya/.

Bii, B. 2012. “Tension at Kenya-Uganda border over rustling.” Daily Nation, October 3. https://www.nation.co.ke/News/-/1056/1523908/-/xtc5qbz/-/index.html.

Bingham, G., Wolf, A. and Wohlegenant, T. 1994. “Resolving water disputes: Conflict and cooperation in the United States, the Near East, and Asia.” US Agency for International Development (USAID). Bureau for Asia and the Near East. Washington, D.C.

Blogger, B. 2009. “Afghanistan: Water station bomb kills six.” Blog posted November 24, 2009. Accessed June 19, 2019. https://watertruck.blogspot.com/2009/11/afghanistan-water-station-bomb-kills.html.

Bogen, D.C., Krey, P.W., Volchok, H.L., Feldstein, J., Calderon, G., Halverson, J., and Robertson, D.M. 1988. “Threat to the New York City water supply–plutonium.” Science of the Total Environment, 70: 101-18. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3363332.

Bogota Cambio. 2002a. “Colombian Experts Warn of Intensification of FARC Terrorist Actions.” Internet version. February 25.

Bogota Cambio. 2002b. “Colombia: Article Explains How “Theaters of Operation” Work.” Internet version. March 4.

Booth, M. 2003. “Baghdad Hospitals Reopen but Health Care System Strained.” American Red Cross, April 24.

Borisov, A. 2012. “Water tensions overflow in ex-Soviet Central Asia.” Phys.org, November 21. https://phys.og/news/2012-11-tensions-ex-soviet-central-asia.html#jCp.

Bosshard, P. 2009. “China Dams the World.” World Policy Journal, Winter 2009/10: 43-51.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 1999. “World: Asia-Pacific Timor atrocities unearthed.” September 22. https://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/asia-pacific/newsid_455000/455030.stm.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2000. “Kenyan monkeys fight humans for water.” March 21. https://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/685381.stm.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2001. “US ‘bombed Afghan power plant.’” November 1. https://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/1632304.stm.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2002. “’Cyanide attack’ foiled in Italy.” February 20. https://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/europe/newsid_1831000/1831511.stm.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2003. “Saboteurs blamed for Iraq disruption.” August 17. https://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3156661.stm.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2004. “‘Dozens dead’ in Somalia clashes.” December 6. https://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/4073063.stm.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2005. “Thousands flee Kenyan water clash.” January 24. https://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/4201483.stm.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2006a. “Somalis clash over scarce water.” February 17. https://news.bbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/-/1/hi/world/africa/4723008.stm.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2006b. “Sri Lanka forces attack reservoir.” August 7. https://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/5249884.stm?ls.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2006c. “Water and war in Sri Lanka.” August 3. https://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/5239570.stm.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2006d. “China ‘executes dam protester.’” December 7. https://www.bbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/-/2/hi/asia-pacific/6217148.stm.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2007. “Iran faces $2.65 bn US bomb award.” September 7. https://news.bbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/-/2/hi/middle_east/6984365.stm.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2009. “Water pipe sparks Ethiopian conflict.” March 13. https://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/7929104.stm.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2012. “Aleppo water supply cut as Syria fighting rages.” September 8. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-19533112.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2014a. “Russia fears Crimea water shortage as supply drops.” April 25. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-27155885.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2014b. “US strikes Islamic State militants at Iraq’s Haditha dam.” BBC News, September 7. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-29098791.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2016. “India Caste Unrest: Ten Million without Water in Delhi.” BBC News, February 22, 2016. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-35627819.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2017. “IS conflict: Raqqa warning over ‘risk to Tabqa dam’.” BBC News, March 26, 2017. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-39399803.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2019. “Chennai water crisis: City’s reservoirs run dry.” June 18. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-48672330.

2019 British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2019. "Turkey Syria offensive: Dozens killed as assault continues." October 11, 2019. Accessed March 3, 2022. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-50011468.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2021a. "Deadly fighting on Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan border kills at least 31." April 30, 2021. Accessed January 14, 2022. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-56940011.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2021b. "Iran Protests. One Killed in Water Crisis Demonstration." July 17, 2021. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-57873405.

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). 2021c. "Hacker tries to poison water supply of Florida city." February 8, 2021. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/amp/world-us-canada-55989843?__twitter_impression=true.

Bromwhich, B. 2018. “Power, contested institutions and land: repoliticising analysis of natural resources and conflict in Darfur.” Journal of Eastern African Studies, 12:1. p 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1080/17531055.2017.1403782.

Bromwhich, B. 2018. "Power, contested institutions and land: repoliticising analysis of natural resources and conflict in Darfur." Journal of Eastern African Studies, 12:1. p 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1080/17531055.2017.1403782

Brouksy, O. 2012. “Thirsty silver mine drains villagers’ patience.” Morocco World News, March 16. https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2012/03/31561/morocco-thirsty-silver-mine-drains-villagers-patience.

Bruess, Elena. 2020. "HotSpots H2O: Honduran Mine Protestor Shot and Killed, Others Await Trial." Circle of Blue. October 19, 2020. >https://www.circleofblue.org/2020/world/hotspots-h2o-honduran-mine-protestor-shot-and-killed-others-continue-to-await-trial/?mc_cid=04788e15c0&mc_eid=230cf98af3.

Bruess, Elena. 2021. "HotSpots H2O: Indigenous Environmental Activist Shot and Killed in Honduras." Circle of Blue. April 5, 2021. https://www.circleofblue.org/2021/wef/hotspots-h2o-indigenous-environmental-activist-shot-and-killed-in-honduras/?mc_cid=dc49acc5ef&mc_eid=230cf98af3.

Bruess, Elena. 2021b. "HotSpots H2O: Russia Under Pressure as Thousands in Crimea Ration Water." Circle of Blue. 2021. https://www.circleofblue.org/2021/hotspots/hotspots-h2o-russia-under-pressure-as-thousands-in-crimea-ration-water/?mc_cid=31b70cda86&mc_eid=230cf98af3.

Brumback, K. 2014. “FBI: Men tried to buy bombs for Government attack.” Associated Press, February 21. https://bigstory.ap.org/article/fbi-men-tried-buy-bombs-government-attack-0.

Bsharat, M., and Ramadan, S.A. 2011. “Fears of violence mount in West Bank on eve of Palestinian UN bid.” Xinhua News Agency, September 21. https://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/world/2011-09/21/c_131150218.htm.

Bulos, N. 2014. “In Syria, residents of Aleppo struggle with a water shortage.” Los Angeles Times, May 13. https://www.latimes.com/world/middleeast/la-fg-syria-aleppo-water-shortage-20140512-story.html.

Burns, J.F. 1992. “Tactics of the Sarajevo Siege: Cut Off the Power and Water,” The New York Times, September 25.

Bustamante, R., Butterworth, J., Flierman, M., Dherbas, den Hollander, M., van der Meer, S., Ravenstijn, P., Reynaga, M., and Zurita, G. 2004. “Livelihoods in conflict: disputes over water for household-level productive uses in Tarata, Bolivia.” In Beyond Domestic: Case studies on poverty and productive uses of water at the household level, ed. Moriarty, P., Butterworth, J., and van Koppen, B., 137–152. Technical Paper Series 41. Delft, the Netherlands: IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre. https://www.irc.nl/content/download/6802/105351/file/preprints.pdf.

Butts, K., ed. 1997. Environmental Change and Regional Security. Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies, Center for Strategic Leadership, US Army War College.

Caesar, J. 1906. Caesar’s Civil War with Pompeius. Translated by Long, F.P. Clarendon Press. https://books.google.com/books?id=z-8JAQAAIAAJ.

Caesar, J. 52 BC. “The Gallic Wars.” McDevitte, W.A. and Bohn, W.S. (Trans). https://www.stcharlesprep.org/01_parents/oneil_j/Useful%20Links/AP%20Latin%20Assignments/HW/The%20Gallic%20Wars.pdf.

Calcagno, F. 2004. “Historical Overview – Licensee Assessments (Lessons Learned).” San Francisco: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, U.S. Department of Energy. January 27. https://www.ferc.gov/EventCalendar/Files/20040309095131-1%20Historical%20Overview.pdf.

Calvopiña, V. 2016. “If they take our water, they take our lives: Manuel Trujillo.” Wambra, January 14. Transcript: Steudt, R. https://wambra.ec/si-nos-quitan-el-agua-nos-quitan-la-vida-manuel-trujillo/.

Campbell, J. 2018. “Gunfire, clashes amid Iran protests over water scarcity.” AP News, July 1. https://apnews.com/amp/2f10cce5ce95439ebceb0ce124d6d401?__twitter_impression=true.

Carroll, H.B., Biesele, R.L., and Hackett, C.W. (eds). 1948. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly. Volume LI, July, 1947 to April, 1948. The Teax Historical Association, Austin Texas. The Portal to Texas History, Univeristy of North Texas. Accessed August 8, 2019. https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101119/?q=water.

Carson R. 2019. Personal Communication and video shared via dropbox. Video dates to January 4, 2007. https://www.dropbox.com/s/gxebyl0dwpvpr6y/2008%20ViolenciaSPAmali%20sobre%20hidrotambo.mp4?dl=0.

Catholic Online. 2012. “Severe drought in Brazil destroying herds and lives.” October 12. https://www.catholic.org/international/international_story.php?id=48869.

CBC News Online. 2004. “Bio-chem threat.” February 18. https://www.cbc.ca/news2/background/bioweapons/threat.html

Caesar, Caius Julius, Julius Caesar, and Aulus Hirtius. 1955. "Caesar, Alexandrian, African and Spanish Wars with an English Translation." London, UK: William Heinemann, Ltds.

Center for Research on Globalization (CRG). 2013. “Libya’s “Water Wars” and Gaddafi’s Great Man-Made River Project.” https://www.globalresearch.ca/libyas-water-wars-and-gaddafis-great-man-made-river-project/5334868.

Centre for Development and Enterprise (CDE). 2007. “Voices of anger: Phumelela and Khutsong: Protest and conflict in two municipalities.” May 8. https://www.cde.org.za/voices-of-anger-phumelela-and-khutsong-protest-and-conflict-in-two-municipalities/.

Centre for Science and the Environment. 2000. “Riots for Water.” India Environmental Portal, January 14. https://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/content/30468/riots-for-water/.

Cerami, A. 2013. “Communal violence erupts over water.” Permanent Emergency Welfare Regimes in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Exclusive Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy. Palgrave Macmillan, March 18.

Chambers, D. 2018. “Fight in water queue forces Cape Town to crack down.” Times Live South Africa, January 31. Accessed February 2, 2018. https://www.timeslive.co.za/news/south-africa/2018-01-31-fight-in-water-queue-forces-cape-town-to-crack-down/.

Chandran, R. 2009. “One Killed in Mumbai Water Shortage Protests.” Reuters, December 3. https://www.reuters.com/article/idUSBOM105009.

Charles O. 2019. “Conflict over water leaves 11 people dead, two wounded.” Standard Digital, May 7. https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/article/2001324398/conflict-over-water-leaves-11-people-dead-two-wounded.

Chelyshev, A. 1992. “Terrorists Poison Water in Turkish Army Cantonment.” Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union. March 29.

Chenje, M. 2001. “Hydro-politics and the quest of the Zambezi River Basin Organization.” In Nakayama, M., ed., International Waters in Southern Africa, Tokyo: United Nations University.

China Daily. 2004a. “PLA General: Attempt to destroy dam doomed.” June 16. https://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2004-06/16/content_339969.htm.

China Daily. 2004b. “Two Chinese engineers kidnapped in Pakistan.” October 9. https://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2004-10/09/content_380846.htm.

China Ministry of Water Resources. 2001. Policy and Regulatory Department website. https://shuizheng.chinawater.com.cn/ssjf/20021021/200210160087.htm.

China Water Resources Daily. 2002. “Villagers fight over water resources.” October 24. Citation provided by Ma Jun, personal communication.

Chittagong Hill Tracts Commission. 1991. “‘Life is not Ours’ – Land and Human Rights in the Chittagong Hill Tracts Bangladesh.” https://chtcommission.org/Life-is-not-ours-19911.pdf.

Choe, S. 2009. “South Korea Demands Apology from North over Dam Incident.” The New York Times, September 8. https://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/09/world/asia/09korea.html.

Christian Science Monitor. 2000. “Ecoterrorism as negotiating tactic.” July 21, p. 8.

Chronicle News Service. 2019. “News of the Day From Around the World.” My San Antonio, August 23. Accessed September 4, 2019. https://www.mysanantonio.com/world/article/News-of-the-Day-From-Around-the-World-14374536.php.

Clark, R.C. 1980. Technological Terrorism. Old Greenwich, Connecticut: Devin-Adair.

Clark, R.M. and Deininger, R.A. 2000. “Protecting the Nation’s Critical Infrastructure: The Vulnerability of U.S. Water Supply Systems.” Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management. Vol. 8, No. 2, p. 73-80.

CNN. 2010. “Water conflict in Pakistan’s tribal region leaves dozens dead.” September 19. https://www.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/meast/09/19/pakistan.water.dispute/.

Coles, I. 2014. “Iraq insurgents use water as weapon after seizing dam.” Reuters, April 11. https://reut.rs/TnvUH6.

Coles, I. 2015. “Islamic State Militants Use Water as Weapon in Western Iraq.” Reuters, June 3. https://af.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idAFKBN0OJ1TL20150603?pageNumber=2&virtualBrandChannel=0&sp=true.

Collins, L. and LaPierre, D. 1972. O Jerusalem. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Columbia Encyclopedia. 2000a. “Vietnam: History.” https://www.infoplease.com/ce6/world/A0861793.html.

Columbia Encyclopedia. 2000b. “Netherlands.” 6th Edition. https://www.bartleby.com/65/ne/Nethrlds.html.

Committee on Government Operations United States Senate (CGOUSS). 1970. “Riots, Civil, and Criminal Disorders.” August 6. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Coonan, C. 2006. “China secretly executes anti-dam protester.” The Independent, December 7. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/china-secretly-executes-antidam-protester-427401.html.

Cooperation Center for Afghanistan. 2000. “The Social Impact of Drought in Hazarajat.” https://www.ccamata.com/impact.html.

Cramer, J.A. (Rev). 1828. A Geographical and Historical Description of Ancient Greece with A Map and a Plan of Athens. Volume II. Oxford at the Clarendon Press: United Kingdom. https://www.forgottenbooks.com/en/download/AGeographicalandHistoricalDescriptionofAncientGreece_10064902.pdf.

Crase, L. 2009. “Water Policy in Australia: The Impact of Drought and Uncertainty.” In Policy and Strategic Behaviour in Water Resource Management, London: Earthscan, p. 91-107.

Crecente, B.D. 2002. “ELF targets water: Group threatens eco-terror attack on Winter Park tanks.” Rocky Mountain News, October 15. https://www.rockymountainnews.com/drmn/state/article/0,1299,DRMN_21_1479883,00.html.

Crisis Watch Database. 2014. Accessed June 2, 2014. https://www.crisisgroup.org/en/publication-type/crisiswatch/crisiswatch-database.aspx?CountryIDs=%7BC1EF8F0D-FAAE-4241-982D-75C4334E20D5%7D.

Critical Threats. 2013. “Gulf of Aden Security Review – June 24.” June 24. https://www.criticalthreats.org/gulf-aden-security-review/gulf-aden-security-review-june-24-2013#_edn4.

CTV News. 2013. “Judge lifts injunction against shale gas protests in New Brunswick.” October 21. Accessed May 30, 2014. https://www.ctvnews.ca/canada/judge-lifts-injunction-against-shale-gas-protests-in-new-brunswick-1.1506003.

Dabanga. 2016. “UXO blast kills two East Darfur children four injured.” June 16. Accessed March 5, 2018. https://www.dabangasudan.org/en/all-news/article/uxo-blast-kills-two-east-darfur-children-four-injured.

Dabanga. 2019. “Fighting breaks out in Sudan’s El Gedaref, seven dead.” May 13. https://www.dabangasudan.org/en/all-news/article/fighting-breaks-out-in-sudan-s-el-gedaref-seven-dead.

Daily Sabah Turkey. 2015. “PKK attack a construction site of Silvan Dam in Turkey’s southeast kills one child.” August 30. Accessed March 5, 2018. https://www.dailysabah.com/turkey/2015/08/30/pkk-attack-at-construction-site-of-silvan-dam-in-turkeys-southeast-kills-one-child.

Daniel, C. (ed.). 1995. Chronicle of the 20th Century. New York: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, Inc.

Das, S.R. 2016. “Gunmen Guard Water In This Drought-hit Bundelkhand City.” March 4, 2016. https://everylifecounts.ndtv.com/gunmen-guard-water-drought-hit-bundelkhand-1442.

Davidson, S. 2015. “2 explosives found at Barrie water treatment plant.” CTV News Toronto, August 29. Accessed March 5, 2018. https://toronto.ctvnews.ca/2-explosives-found-at-barrie-water-treatment-plant-1.2539441.

Dawn. 2006. “Gas rig, water pipeline destroyed in rocket attacks.” January 15. https://www.dawn.com/news/174223.

Dehghanpisheh, B. 2018. “Water crisis spurs protests in Iran.” Reuters, March 29. Accessed March 30, 2018. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-iran-security-water-crisis/water-crisis-spurs-protests-in-iran-idUSKBN1H51A5.

Delli Priscoli, J. 1998. “Water and Civilization: Conflict, Cooperation and the Roots of a New Eco Realism.” A Keynote Address for the 8th Stockholm World Water Symposium, August 10–13. https://www.genevahumanitarianforum.org/docs/Priscoli.pdf.

Demby, Samantha. 2020. "Pandemic Intensifies Women's Struggle for Water in Oaxaca, Mexico." nacla.org. July 16, 2020. https://nacla.org/news/2020/07/15/oaxaca-water-mexico-pandemic.

Derechos Human Rights and Equipo Nizkor. 2014. “Security forces continue battles with insurgent groups in Iraq.” July 12. https://www.derechos.org/nizkor/iraq/doc/irq340.html.

Devine, F. J. 1981. “El Salvador: Embassy Under Attack.” Vantage Press, New York. https://journals.lib.unb.ca/index.php/JCS/article/viewFile/14544/15613%20-%20this%20source%20only%20confirms%20that%20there%20was%20an%20attack%20in%20Sept%201978,%20but%20does%20not%20discuss%20it%20in%20any%20more%20detail.

Laura Dimon. 2012.”Lake Chad Shrinks, Conflict Grows.” Council on Foreign Relations. https://www.cfr.org/blog/guest-post-lake-chad-shrinks-conflict-grows.

Dolatyar, M. 1995. “Water diplomacy in the Middle East.” In Watson, E. (ed.) .The Middle Eastern Environment. London: John Adamson Publishing.

Douglass, J.D. and Livingstone, N.C. 1987. America the Vulnerable: The Threat of Chemical and Biological Warfare. Lexington, Massachusetts: Lexington Books.

DrinkLocal DrinkTap. 2020. "The Last Drop: Stories from the front lines of water stress and climate change in Tanzania." YouTube. Accessed January 14, 2022. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6J7aqaKIKPE.

Drower, M.S. 1954. “Water-supply, irrigation, and agriculture.” In Singer, C., Holmyard, E.J., and Hall, A.R. (ed.) A History of Technology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Dutch Water Line. 2002. “Information on the historical use of water in defense of Holland.” https://www.xs4all.nl/~pho/Dutchwaterline/dutchwaterl.htm.

Dymkovskyy, S. 2018. “WASH Incident Report No. 117: Workers bus and supply truck for Donetsk Filter Station both fired upon.” WASH CLUSTER. Accessed March 22, 2018. https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/wash_incident_report_no117_-_130318.pdf.

Eco-Action. 2003. “Fanning the Flames!” Do or Die, Issue 10: 137-139. https://www.eco-action.org/dod/no10/flames.htm.

Economist, The. 2012. “Dammed if they do.” September 29th. Accessed August 30, 2019. https://www.economist.com/asia/2012/09/29/dammed-if-they-do.

Economy, E. 2013. “China’s Environmental Governance Crisis.” Congressional-Executive Commission on China, testimony by the Council on Foreign Relations to the United States Senate/United States House of Representatives First Session, 113th Congress, Hearing on Food and Drug Safety, Public Health, and the Environment in China. May 22. https://www.cecc.gov/sites/chinacommission.house.gov/files/documents/hearings/2013/CECC%20Hearing%20-%20Food%20Safety%20-%20Elizabeth%20Economy%20Written%20Statement.pdf.

Egypt Independent. 2012. “Abu Simbel farmers release tourists held over water shortage.” June 3. https://www.egyptindependent.com/news/farmers-hold-tourists-abu-simbel-over-water-shortage-news2.

Eitzen, E.M. and Takafuji, E.T. 1997. “Historical Overview of Biological Warfare.” In Textbook of Military Medicine, Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare. Published by the Office of The Surgeon General, Department of the Army, USA.

Elumami A. 2019. “Libyan gunmen halt water pipeline to besieged Tripoli.” Reuters, May 20. https://news.yahoo.com/libyan-gunmen-halt-water-pipeline-besieged-tripoli-160123478.html.

Environment News Service. 2001. “Environment a weapon in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.” February 5. https://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/feb2001/2001-02-05-01.asp.

Environmental Justice Atlas. 2018. “Hidroeléctricas y violencia en Yich Ki’sis, San Mateo Ixtatan, Guatemala.” Translated by Google Translate. Accessed September 4, 2019. https://ejatlas.org/conflict/san-mateo-ixtatan.

Environmental Justice Atlas, 2019. “Hidroelectrica Hidrotambo, Ecuador.” Accessed June 6, 2019. https://ejatlas.org/conflict/proyecto-hidrotambo.

Escobar, D.M. 2014. “‘FARC attack’ on aqueduct leaves 2 Colombia towns without water.” Colombia Reports, July 28. Accessed August 12, 2019. https://colombiareports.com/farc-attack-leaves-water/.

Etedaal.ir. 2011. “The Taliban in Helmand: Water problem.” [in Arabic]. https://etedaal.ir/fa/news/11172.

Euronews. 2018a. “Crisis and protest against dehydration in Kazeroon leaves one dead.” December 7. Translation from Farsi to English by Google Chrome. Accessed March 8, 2019. https://fa.euronews.com/2018/07/12/one-protester-killed-in-clash-over-removing-water-pump-in-kazeroon

Euronews. 2018b. “Continued water crisis in Khorramshahr and protest gatherings.” June 30. Translation from Farsi to English by Google Chrome. https://fa.euronews.com/2018/06/30/khoramshahr-demonstration-for-drinkable-water-continues

Evans, R.J. 2009. The Third Reich at War. Penguin Press.

Express News Service. 2013. “NHRC asks Maharashtra to probe into riot, death due to water shortage.” May 13. https://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/NHRC-asks-Maharashtra-to-probe-into-riot-death-due-to-water-shortage/2013/05/13/article1587619.ece#.UztU8vldWSo.

Express Tribune, The. 2010. “Kurram tribal clash leaves 13 more dead.” September 19. https://tribune.com.pk/story/51998/kurram-tribal-clash-leaves-13-more-dead/.

Ezzat, Dina. 2013. "Egyptian diplomats left red-faced after Nile dam meeting broadcast live." ahramonline. June 4, 2013. https://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/73144/Egypt/Politics-/Egyptian-diplomats-left-redfaced-after-Nile-dam-me.aspx.

Fadel, L. 2017. “ISIS attempts to halt Syrian Army advance by flooding east Aleppo villages.” AMN, February 17, 2017. https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/isis-attempts-halt-syrian-army-advance-flooding-east-aleppo-villages/.

Fahim, K. 2015. “Airstrikes Take Toll on Civilians in Yemen War.” The New York Times, September 12. https://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/13/world/middleeast/airstrikes-hit-civilians-yemen-war.html.

Fassihi, F. 2021. "Iran Forcefully Clamps Down on Protests Against Growing Water Shortages." November 26, 2021. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/11/26/world/middleeast/iran-protests-water-shortages.html?smid=tw-nytclimate&smtyp=cur.

Fatout, P. 1972. Indiana Canals. West Lafayette, Indiana: Purdue University Press. p. 158-162.

FBIS. 2001. “Islamic/Aegean Terrorism Review 27 Aug.” August 27.

Femia, F. and Werrell, C. 2012. “Syria: Climate Change, Drought and Social Unrest.” The Center for Climate & Security, February 29. https://climateandsecurity.org/2012/02/29/syria-climate-change-drought-and-social-unrest/.

Fenton, B., Helm, T., and Dutter, B. 2001. “Anthrax Letter Spreads Panic Around World.” The Telegraph, October 16. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/1359605/Anthrax-letter-spreads-panic-around-world.html.

Feron, J. 1969. "Israel Sabotages Jordanian Canal." The New York Times. June 24, 1969. Accessed January 14, 2022. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/svc/tmach/v1/refer?pdf=true&res=9E02E2DD133AEE34BC4C51DFB0668382679EDE.

Ferrie, J. 2012. “South Sudan Refugee Water Shortage Killing up to 10 People Daily.” Bloomberg News, June 13. https://www.businessweek.com/news/2012-06-13/south-sudan-refugee-water-shortage-killing-up-to-10-people-daily.

Feuer, A. 2003. “Jordan Arrests Iraqis in Plot to Poison U.S. Troops’ Water.” The New York Times, April 1. https://www.nytimes.com/2003/04/01/international/worldspecial/01CND-JORD.html.

Fickle, J.E. 1983. “The ‘people’ versus ‘progress’: Local opposition to the construction of the Wabash and Erie Canal.” Old Northwest, Vol. 8, No. 4, p. 309-328.

Financial Times Global Water Report (FTGWR). 1999. “Zambia: Water Cutoff.” March 19. Issue 68, p. 15.

Financial Times Global Water Report (FTGWR). 2000. “Drought in India comes as no surprise.” April 28. Issue 94, p. 14.

Financial Times Global Water Report (FTGWR). 2002. “Maoists destroy Nepal’s infrastructure.” May 17. Issue 146, p. 4-5.

Finch, F.R. 1996. “This Land is Our Land: The Environmental Threat of Army Operations.” In Grunawalt, R.J., King, J.E., and McClain, R.S. (eds.) Protection of the Environment During Armed Conflict. Vol. 69. Newport, Rhode Island: Naval War College. p. 99-115.

Fisher, I. 2001. “Uncertain Cease Fire on Eve of Macedonian Pact Signing.” The New York Times, August 13. https://www.nytimes.com/2001/08/13/world/uncertain-cease-fire-on-eve-of-macedonian-pact-signing.html.

Fonner, D.K. 1996. Scipio Africanus. Military History Magazine. March. Cited in https://historynet.com/mh/blscipioafricanus/index1.html.

Forkey, N.S. 1998. “Damning the dam: Ecology and community in Ops Township, Upper Canada.” Canadian Historical Review, 79(1): 68-99.

Formanek, I., Smith-Spark, L., and Netto, J. 2013. “Mali’s famed Timbuktu without water, other services.” CNN World, January 26. https://www.cnn.com/2013/01/24/world/africa/mali-military-offensive/index.html.

France-Inter Radio Network. 1999. “France: Pipelines Hit by Explosives in South.” March 21.

Friedman, T.L. 2013. “Postcard from Yemen.” The New York Times, May 7. https://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/08/opinion/friedman-postcard-from-yemen.html.

Friel, T. 2007. “Taliban flee battle using children as shields: NATO.” Reuters, February 14. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-afghan-idUSISL29139620070214.

Gadzo, Mersiha. 2017. "How Israel engages in 'water apartheid'." Al Jazeera, October 21, 2017. Accessed January 14, 2022. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/10/21/how-israel-engages-in-water-apartheid/.

Gard, W. 2010. “Fence Cutting.” Handbook of Texas Online. Published by the Texas State Historical Association. Accessed May 30, 2014. https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/auf01.

Gaura, M.A. 2000. “Disaster simulation too realistic.” San Francisco Chronicle, October 27.

Gellman, B. 2002. “Cyber-attacks by Al Qaeda feared.” Washington Post, June 27.

GhanaWeb. 2019. “Two reinforcements over 2 days of violence over two acres of Chereponi land.” January 3. Accessed March 8, 2019. https://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/NewsArchive/Two-reinforcements-in-2-days-of-violence-over-two-acre-Chereponi-land-712526

Ghanekar, A. 2019. "Adding to Climate Change, Here's How Caste Shapes Water Conflicts in Maharashtra." Youth Ki Awaaz, November 7, 2019. Accessed November 13, 2019. https://www.youthkiawaaz.com/2019/11/how-caste-shapes-the-water-crisis-in-maharashtra/.

Ghobari, M. and Browning, N. 2016. “Islamist militants exploit chaos as combatants pursue peace in Yemen.” Weather, Climate, and Society. Reuters, May 16. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-yemen-security-talks-idUSKCN0Y71H8.

Gibbons-Neff, T. 2017. “U.S. troops, Syrian fighters insert behind ISIS lines to retake key dam in Syria.” Washington Post, March 22. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/checkpoint/wp/2017/03/22/u-s-troops-syrian-fighters-insert-behind-isis-lines-to-retake-key-dam-in-syria/?utm_term=.16db2297f372.

Givetash, L. 2018. “Water scarcity fuels tensions across the Middle East.” NBC News, November 1. https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/water-scarcity-fuels-tensions-across-middle-east-n924736.

Glass, S. 2017. “Twisting the Tap: Water Scarcity and Conflict in the Euphrates-Tigris River Basin.” (ISP) Collection. 2594. https://digitalcollections.sit.edu/isp_collection/2594 https://digitalcollections.sit.edu/isp_collection/2594.

Gleick, P.H. 1991. “Environment and security: The clear connections.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, April, pp. 17-21.

Gleick, P.H. 1993. “Water and conflict: Fresh water resources and international security.” International Security, 18(1): 79-112.

Gleick, P.H. 1994. “Water, war, and peace in the Middle East.” Environment, Vol. 36, No. 3, pp.6–42. Washington DC: Heldref Publications.

Gleick, P.H. 1995. “Water and Conflict: Critical Issues.” Presented to the 45th Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs. Hiroshima, Japan: 23-29 July.

Gleick, P.H. 2014. “Water, drought, climate change, and conflict in Syria.” Weather, Climate, and Society. American Meteorological Society, 6(3): 331-340. https://dx.doi.org/10.1175/WCAS-D-13-00059.1.

Glinski, S. 2020. "God, gas and heroin. Now, the fight’s over water." Los Angeles Times, February 6, 2020. https://www.latimes.com/world-nation/story/2020-02-06/afghanistan-and-iran-battle-over-water-with-spies-bribes-and-threats.

Goldbaum, C. 2018. “To Ambush U.S. Green Berets, Al Shabaab Diverted a River.” Daily Beast, June 10. https://amp.thedailybeast.com/to-ambush-and-kill-an-american-green-beret-al-shabaab-diverted-a-river?__twitter_impression=true.

Gosh, D. 2010. “Protest against water shortage turns violent.” The Times of India, July 7. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/6136544.cms.

Gowan, H. 2004. “Hannibal Barca and the Punic Wars.” Accessed March 2005. https://www.barca.fsnet.co.uk/.

Gowen, A. 2016. “Indians are rioting over water. Is this a glimpse into the future?” Washington Post, September 13. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2016/09/13/indians-are-rioting-over-water-is-this-a-glimpse-into-the-future/?utm_term=.b19b74a5e6e8.

Granovsky-Larsen, S. 2018. “Farmers in Guatemala are destroying dams to fight ‘dirty’ renewable energy.” The Conversation, September 5. Accessed March 8, 2019. https://theconversation.com/farmers-in-guatemala-are-destroying-dams-to-fight-dirty-renewable-energy-100789

Grant, U.S. 1885. Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant. New York: C.L. Webster.

Guantanamo Bay Gazette. 1964. The History of Guantanamo Bay: An Online Edition. Chapter XXI: The 1964 Water Crisis. Archived version at archive.org. https://web.archive.org/web/20011121080500/www.nsgtmo.navy.mil/History/HISCHP21.HTM.

Guardian, The. 2015. “Kosovo cuts Pristina water supply over alleged Isis plot to poison reservoir.” July 11. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jul/11/kosovo-cuts-pristina-water-supply-over-alleged-isis-plot-to-poison-reservoir.

Gutierrez, J. 2006. “Sri Lanka rejects Norway deal with Tigers, battle for water resumes.” Agence France Press, August 6.

Haeri, S. 1993. “Iran: Vehement Reaction.” Middle East International, March 19, p. 8..

Hall, G. 2010. Under pressure: Social violence over land and water in Yemen. Yemen Armed Violence Assessment, October. Issue Brief No. 2.

Hamama, M., Translated by Charbel, J. 2015. “Giza residents protest ongoing water cuts, doubt promises of resolution.” Madamasr, September 21. Accessed March 26, 2018. https://www.madamasr.com/en/2015/09/21/feature/politics/giza-residents-protest-ongoing-water-cuts-doubt-promises-of-resolution/.

Hameed, S. 2018. “Protests over water shortages get revived in Iran.” Al Arabiya English, July 9. https://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/middle-east/2018/07/09/Protests-over-water-shortages-revive-in-Iran.html.

Hamid, P.A. 2012. “Militants target Wullar conservation works in Indian-controlled Kashmir.” Accessed May 30, 2014. https://news.xinhuanet.com/english/world/2012-08/29/c_131815746.htm.

Hamid, M. 2012. “Afghan schoolgirls poisoned in anti-education attack.” Reuters, April 17. https://www.reuters.com/article/2012/04/17/us-afghanistan-women-idUSBRE83G0PZ20120417.

Hamid, O. 2015. “In 2013, two factions of the Pakistani Taliban fought for control of Karachi’s water infrastructure.” CityMetric, April 27. https://www.citymetric.com/politics/2013-two-factions-pakistani-taliban-fought-control-karachis-water-infrastructure-978.

Hanson, V.D. 1995. “Delium: A sinister ingredient in a late-afternoon encounter between Athens and the Theban confederacy.” The Quarterly Journal of Military History (Autumn) Vol. 8, No. 1. p. 28.

Hariyadi, M. 2013. “Prison riot in Medan: five dead, hundreds of convicts on the run.” AsiaNews, July 12. https://www.asianews.it/news-en/Prison-riot-in-Medan:-five-dead,-hundreds-of-convicts-on-the-run-28450.html.

Harris, S.H. 1994. Factories of Death: Japanese Biological Warfare 1932-1945 and the American Cover-up. New York: Routledge.

Hasan, Yusuf M. 2013. “Somaliland: One Dead as City Residents Protest Water Shortage.” Somaliland Sun, December 28. https://somalilandsun.com/index.php/community/4590.

Hatami, H. and Gleick, P. 1994. “Chronology of Conflict over Water in the Legends, Myths, and History of the Ancient Middle East.” In “Water, war, and peace in the Middle East.” Environment, 36(3). Washington: Heldref Publications.

Heradstveit, D. 2017. Oil in the Gulf: Obstacles to Democracy and Development. Routledge, 190 p.

Hernandez A.R. and Zuniga M. 2019. The Washington Post, April 4. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/the_americas/why-are-you-crying-mami-in-venezuela-the-search-for-water-is-a-daily-struggle/2019/04/04/39972ce4-5547-11e9-814f-e2f46684196e_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.0390dae16268.

Hewitt, C. 2005. Political Violence and Terrorism in Modern America: A Chronology. Praeger Security International.

Hickman, D.C. 1999. “A Chemical and Biological Warfare Threat: USAF Water Systems at Risk.” Couterproliferation Paper No. 3. USAF Counterproliferation Center, Air War College, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama.

Hillel, D. 1991. “Lash of the Dragon.” Natural History, August, pp. 28-37.

Hindu, The. 2002a. “Ryots on the rampage in Mandya.” The Hindu, India’s National Newspaper. October 31. https://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/2002/10/31/stories/2002103106680100.htm.

Hindu, The. 2002b. “Farmers go berserk MLA’s house attacked.” The Hindu, October 30. https://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/2002/10/30/stories/2002103004870400.htm.

Hindu, The. 2011. “Sompeta: land allotment suspended.” June 24. https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/sompeta-land-allotment-suspended/article2130493.ece.

Hirth, F. 1917. “The Story of Chang K’ién, China’s Pioneer in Western Asia: Text and Translation of Chapter 123 of Ssï-Ma Ts’ién’s Shï-Ki.” Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 37 (1917), pp. 89-152. DOI: 10.2307/592911, URL:https://www.jstor.org/stable/592911.

History of War Online. n.d. “Siege of Uxellodunum, Spring-Summer 51 B.C.” Accessed February 11, 2011. https://www.historyofwar.org/articles/siege_uxellodunum.html.

Hitchcock, E.A. 1862. Signed Letter from Major General Ethan Allen Hitchcock to his niece Mary, Washington City. April 20, 1862, 4p. During this period, Hitchcock served as chairman of the War Board serving President Lincoln and Secretary of War Stanton. https://www.liveauctioneers.com/item/7093913.

Hlavaty, C. 2014. “Family feud over water well rights led to sword attack.” Houston Chronicle, September 29. https://www.chron.com/neighborhood/bayarea/crime-courts/article/Water-well-dispute-leads-to-sword-assault-in-5788818.php.

Hochschild, A. 2006. Bury the Chains houghton Mifflin Harcourt, New York. Cited to Heinl, R.D. Jr. and Heinl, N.G. 1996. Written in Blood: The Story of the Haitian People, 1492-1995. Lanham, MD: University Press of America. (Revised and expanded by Heinl, M.).

Hogan, B. 2000a. “AsiaNet Environment.” Eurasianet.org, August 1. https://eurasianet.org/departments/environment/articles/eav080200.shtml.

Hogan, B. 2000b. “AsiaNet Environment.” Eurasianet.org, April 4. https://www.eurasianet.org/departments/environment/articles/eav040500.shtml.

Honan, W.H. 1996. “Scholar sees Leonardo’s influence on Machiavelli.” The New York Times, December 8. https://www.nytimes.com/1996/12/08/us/scholar-sees-leonardo-s-influence-on-machiavelli.html.

Horseed Media. 2015. “At Least 10 People Killed in Tribal Fighting.” January 20. https://horseedmedia.net/2015/01/20/somalia-at-least-10-people-killed-in-tribal-fighting/.

Hoshur, S. 2013. “Hundreds of Uyghurs Detained Over Deadly Attack on Chinese Dam Workers.” Radio Free Asia, May 29. https://www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/attack-07292013171133.html.

Hubbard, B. 2017. “A new casualty of Syria’s war: Drinking water in Damascus.” The New York Times, January 4. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/04/world/middleeast/a-new-casualty-of-syrias-war-drinking-water-in-damascus.html.

Human Rights Investigations (HRI). 2011. “NATO bombs the Great Man-Made River.” July 27. https://humanrightsinvestigations.org/2011/07/27/great-man-made-river-nato-bombs/.

Human Rights Watch. 1991. Needles Deaths in the Gulf War, Chapter 4, Objects Attacked: The need for full disclosure and accountability. New York. Accessed September 3, 2019. https://www.hrw.org/reports/1991/gulfwar/CHAP4.htm.

Human Rights Watch. 1998. “Human Rights Watch Condemns Civilian Killings by Congo Rebels.” August 27. https://www.hrw.org/news/1998/08/27/human-rights-watch-condemns-civilian-killings-congo-rebels.

Human Rights Watch. 2008. Collective Punishment: War crimes and crimes against humanity in the Ogaden area of Ethiopia’s Somali Region. June 12. Accessed March 8, 2019. https://www.hrw.org/report/2008/06/12/collective-punishment/war-crimes-and-crimes-against-humanity-ogaden-area-ethiopias

Human Rights Watch. 2015. “‘What Military Target Was in My Brother’s House?’ – Unlawful Coalition Airstrikes in Yemen.” https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/report_pdf/yemen1115_4up.pdf.

Human Rights Watch. 2020. "Turkey/Syria: Weaponizing Water in Global Pandemic?" March 31, 2020. Accessed January 14, 2022. https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/03/31/turkey/syria-weaponizing-water-global-pandemic#.

Hurriyet Daily News. 2013. “Libya sees little progress in two years since end of Gadhafi rule.” October 23. https://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/libya-sees-little-progress-in-two-years-since-end-of-gadhafi-rule.aspx?pageID=238&nID=56720&NewsCatID=357.

Hurriyet Daily News. 2014. “Turkish gov’t toughens Kurdish bid stance after attack.” October 27. https://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/turkish-govt-toughens-kurdish-bid-stance-after-attack-73495.

Husarska, A. 1995. “Running dry in Sarajevo: Water fight.” The New Republic. 213(3/4): 12-14.

Hussein, R. and Jedinia, M. 2018. “Did Iran Have Anything to do with Farah’s Attack?” VOA.com, May 17. https://www.voanews.com/a/did-iran-have-anything-to-do-with-farah-attack/4399354.html.

IANS. 2015. “18 killed as Iraqi forces repel IS attack.” Business Standard, February 15. Accessed February 28, 2018. https://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ians/18-killed-as-iraqi-forces-repel-is-attack-115021500581_1.html.

Ikeji, L. 2017. “32 people die in Somalia after drinking from well allegedly poisoned by Islamist militant group Al-Shabaab.” The News Chronicle, January 30. Accessed March 30, 2018. https://thenews-chronicle.com/32-people-die-in-somalia-after-drinking-from-well-allegedly-poisoned-by-islamist-militant-group-al-shabaab/.

Illustrated History of the Roman Empire. n.d. “Siege Warfare.” Accessed February 11, 2011. https://www.roman-empire.net/army/leg-siege.html.

Independent Online. 2014. “Georgia seeks non-aggression promise.” South African Press Association, March 26. https://www.iol.co.za/news/world/georgia-seeks-non-aggression-promise-1.1666796#.UzswvfldWSo.

Indian Express, The. 2012. “Stopped releasing Cauvery water to TN, says Karnataka CM.” December 10. https://www.indianexpress.com/news/stopped-releasing-cauvery-water-to-tn-says-karnataka-cm/1043124/.

Indo-Asian News Service. 2004. “Curfew imposed in three Rajasthan towns.” Hindustan Times, December 4. https://www.hindustantimes.com/news/181_1136315,000900010008.htm.

Indo-Asian News Service. 2019. “Water riots begin in Uttar Pardesh’s Bundelkhand.” India Today, June 5. https://www.indiatoday.in/amp/india/story/water-riots-begin-uttar-pradesh-s-bundelkhand-1542999-2019-06-05?__twitter_impression=true.

Information and Documentation Center for the Geography of the Netherlands (IDG). 1996. “Water in, around and under the Netherlands.” IDG-Bulletin 1995/96. Utrecht, the Netherlands: IDG.

InfoRoma. 2004. “Roman Aqueducts.” Accessed March 2005. https://www.inforoma.it/feature.php?lookup=aqueduct.

Insiders’ Newsletter. 2019. “Insiders Insight: Explaining the Mali massacre.” African Arguments: March 26. https://africanarguments.org/2019/03/26/insiders-insight-explaining-the-mali-massacre/.

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). 2003. “Eritrea: ICRC repairs war-damaged health centre and water system.” ICRC News No. 03/158. December 15. https://www.icrc.org/eng/resources/documents/misc/5u9emr.htm.

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). 2009. “Water and War: The ICRC Response.” Geneva, Switzerland. https://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/icrc_002_0969.pdf.

International Committee for the Red Cross (ICRC). 2017. More than 350,000 people face acute water shortages in the Eastern Ukraine. https://www.icrc.org/en/document/more-350000-people-face-acute-water-shortage-eastern-ukraine.

International Committee of the Red Cross. 2019. “Operational update on Libya: Fierce fighting amid fears of protracted violence.” ReliefWeb, June 12. https://reliefweb.int/report/libya/operational-update-libya-fierce-fighting-amid-fears-protracted-violence.

International Court of Justice. 1999. “International Court of Justice Press Communiqué 99/53, Kasikili Island/Sedudu Island (Botswana/Namibia).” The Hague, Holland. December 13. https://www.icj-cij.org/icjwww/ipresscom/ipress1999/ipresscom9953_ibon.

International Herald Tribune. 1999. “100 bodies found in well.” International Herald Tribune, August 14-15.

International Rivers. 2013. “Justice for Tomas Garcia in Honduras.” July 17. https://www.internationalrivers.org/resources/justice-for-tom%C3%A1s-garcia-in-honduras-8040.

Inventory of Conflict and the Environment (ICE). 2000a. “Cauvery River Dispute.” American University. https://www.american.edu/projects/mandala/TED/ice/cauvery.htm.

Inventory of Conflict and the Environment (ICE). 2000b. “Lesotho ‘Water Coup.’” American University. https://www.american.edu/projects/mandala/ted/ice/leswater.htm.

Inventory of Conflict and the Environment (ICE). 2000c. “Marsh Arabs and Iraq.” American University. https://www.american.edu/projects/mandala/TED/ice/marsh.htm.

Israel, J. 1997. Conflicts of Empires: Spain, the Low Countries and the Struggle for World Supremacy, 1585-1713. London: Hambledon Press.

Israel Line. 2001a. “Palestinians loot water pumping center, cutting off supply to refugee camp.” https://www.israel.org/mfa/go.asp?MFAH0dmp0. downloaded January 5, 2001, https://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/go.asp?MFAH0iy50.

Israel Line. 2001b. “Palestinians vandalize Yitzhar water pipe.” January 9. https://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/go.asp?MFAH0izu0.

Jakarta Globe. 2016. “Bomb at Biltar Hydro Power Plant.” November 23. Accessed March 5, 2018. https://www.jakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/news-channel/multimedia/bomb-blitar-hydro-power-plant.

Jama, A. 2014. “Somaliland: Hargeisa- City With Out Running Water.” January 3. https://togaherer.com/hargeisa-a-city-without-runining-water/.

Jamail, D. 2018. “Energy Transfer Partners’ Security Team Sinks Water Protectors’ Boats.” Truthout.org, October 17. https://truthout.org/articles/energy-transfer-partners-security-team-sinks-water-protectors-boats/.

James, I. 2015. “The Costs of Peru’s Farming Boom.” Desert Sun, December 10. https://www.desertsun.com/story/news/environment/2015/12/10/costs-perus-farming-boom/76605530/.

Janku, A. 2016. “China: A hydrological history.” Nature, August 4. 536, 28–29. https://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v536/n7614/full/536028a.html.

Javedanfar, M. 2013. “The Water Threat in Iran.” Al-Monitor, November 5. https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2013/11/water-scarcity-frustrates-iranians.html#.

Jenkins, B.M. and Rubin, A.P. 1978. “New Vulnerabilities and the Acquisition of New Weapons by Nongovernment Groups.” In Evans, A.E. and Murphy, J.F. (eds.). Legal Aspects of International Terrorism. Lexington, Massachusetts: Lexington Books. pp. 221-276.

Jeruselum Post, The. 2018. “In Parched Afghanistan, Drought Sharpens Water Dispute with Iran.” July 17. https://www.jpost.com/Middle-East/In-parched-Afghanistan-drought-sharpens-water-dispute-with-Iran-562691.

Johnson K. 2019. “Are India and Pakistan on the Verge of a Water War?” Foreign Policy, February 25. https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/02/25/are-india-and-pakistan-on-the-verge-of-a-water-war-pulwama-kasmir-ravi-indus/.

Johnston, W.R. 2014. “Terrorist attacks and related incidents in the United States.” Johnston’s Archive – Terrorism, Counterterrorism, and Unconventional Warfare. Accessed May 30, 2014. https://www.johnstonsarchive.net/terrorism/wrjp255a.html.

Joint Crisis Coordination Center, Ministry of Interior, Kurdish Regional Government. 2015. Shingal City Rapid Damage Assessment: The Early Recovery Needs. 14 p.

Joseph, D.B. 1960. The Faithful City: The Siege of Jerusalem, 1948. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Josephus. 90 A.D. Antiquities of the Jews. Book 18, Chapter 3, Section 2. https://www.fullbooks.com/The-Antiquities-of-the-Jews20.html.

Kadykeev, Y. 2008. “Tajik-Kyrgyz Water Clash a Sign of Things to Come.” Institute for War and Peace Reporting, April 4. https://iwpr.net/report-news/tajik-kyrgyz-water-clash-sign-things-come.

Kandachi, M. 1967. “Some Facts on Bombing of Dikes.” International War Crimes Tribunal (IWCT). Part I – Stockholm, May 2-10. https://raetowest.org/vietnam-war-crimes/russell-vietnam-war-crimes-tribunal-1967.html#v1117-Kandachi.

Karam, Z. and Abdul-Zahra, Q. 2019. "Iraq's uprising an open crisis with no known path forward." Star Tribune, October 9, 2019. Accessed November 11, 2019. https://www.startribune.com/iraq-s-uprising-an-open-crisis-with-no-known-path-forward/562595272/.

Karimi, S. and Hulpachova, M. 2015. “The rising costs of water: Dire consequences for Afghans in battle with Iranians.” The Guardian, October 15. https://www.theguardian.com/world/iran-blog/2015/oct/15/afghanistan-iran-herat-water-battle.

Karimi N. and Nasiri M. 2018. “Rivers dry and fields dust, Iranian farmers turn to protest.” APNews, July 19. https://www.apnews.com/d019d7812e28405ca8bad65e5c738d82.

Kathmandu Post, The. 2002. “KLF destroys micro hydro plant.” January 28. https://www.nepalnews.com.np/contents/englishdaily/ktmpost/2002/jan/jan28/index.htm.

Kattenburg, David. 2019. "Adapting to climate change under 'water apartheid'." Mondoweiss, September 9, 2019. Accessed January 14, 2022. https://mondoweiss.net/2019/09/adapting-climate-apartheid/. https://mondoweiss.net/2019/09/adapting-climate-apartheid/.

Keluel-Jang, S.A. 1997. “Alier and the Jonglei Canal.” Southern Sudan Bulletin, 2(3).

Kershner I. and Akramjuly, F. 2014. “Israeli Leader Calls for ‘Full Force’ in Effort to Quell Hamas Rocket Attacks.” The New York Times, July 11. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/12/world/middleeast/israel-gaza-strip-conflict.html.

Khalif, A. and Doya, D.M. 2014. “Kenyan Energy Bonanza Fans Violence in Arid Northern Region.” Bloomberg News, January 28. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-01-27/kenyan-energy-bonanza-fans-clan-violence-in-arid-northern-region.html.

Khamidov, A. 2001. “Eurasia Insight.” Eurasianet.org, October 22. https://www.eurasianet.org/departments/environment/articles/eav102301.shtml.

Kiev Post. 2014. “Water supplies to Donetsk stopped, city has water to last five days at most.” July 21. https://www.kyivpost.com/content/ukraine/water-supplies-to-donetsk-stopped-city-has-water-to-last-five-days-at-most-357194.html.

Kirschner, O. 1949. “Destruction and Protection of Dams and Levees.” Military Hydrology, Research and Development Branch, U.S. Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army, Washington District. From Schweizerische Bauzeitung 14 March 1949, Translated by Schwarz, H.E., Washington, D.C.

Kozhevnikov, R. 2012. “Uzbekistan resumes gas supplies to Tajikistan.” Reuters, April 16. https://www.reuters.com/article/2012/04/16/tajikistan-gas-idUSL6E8FG3YL20120416.

Kramer, Andrew E. 2022. "They Flooded Their Own Village, and Kept the Russians at Bay." New York Times, April 27. Accessed May 6, 2022. https://www.nytimes.com/2022/04/27/world/europe/ukraine-russia-war-flood-infrastructure.html.

Kraul, C. 2007. “Fear is a way of life for Colombian mayor.” LA Times, March 31. Accessed December 14, 2018. https://articles.latimes.com/2007/mar/31/world/fg-mayor31.

Kreiter, M. 2014. “White House Acknowledges Iraqi Airstrikes To Retake Mosul Dam Area.” International Business Times/Reuters, August 17. https://www.ibtimes.com/white-house-acknowledges-iraqi-airstrikes-retake-mosul-dam-area-1660806.

Kroll, D. 2006. Securing Our Water Supply: Protecting a Vulnerable Resource. PennWell Books. p. 22.

Kulan Post. 2017. “Mandera County Elders Curse Al-Shabaab.” December 1. https://www.kulanpost.com/mandera-county-elders-curse-al-shabaab/.

Kupperman, R.H. and Trent, D.M. 1979. Terrorism: Threat, Reality, Response. Stanford, California: Hoover Institution Press.

Lalzoy, N. 2021. "Salma Dam under Taliban rockets." The Khaama Press News Agency. July 14, 2021. Accessed January 14, 2022. https://www.khaama.com/salma-dam-under-taliban-rockets-4346345/.

L’eau Est La Vie Camp – No Bayou Bridge, 2018. Video published October 11. https://www.facebook.com/LeauEstLaVie/videos/vb.308016852962881/2132062530376185/?type=2&theater.

Laessing, U. 2016. “Water cut off to 650,000 Mosul residents after pipeline hit -official.” Reuters, November 29. https://news.trust.org/item/20161129154148-2nvtp/?source=dpagetopic.

Laithangbam, I. 2013. “Assam Rifles attacked along Manipur-Myanmar border.” The Hindu, August 16. Updated June 4, 2016. Accessed August 13, 2019. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/assam-rifles-attacked-along-manipurmyanmar-border/article5028920.ece.

Lakhani, N. 2017. “Honduras elites blamed for violence against environmental activists.” The Guardian, January 31. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jan/31/honduras-environmental-activists-global-witness-violence-berta-caceres?CMP=twt_a-environment_b-gdneco.

Lambert, F. 2016. “U.S.-backed rebels make gains in Syria, IS redirects attack after fall of Ramadi.” UPI, January 11. Accessed March 5, 2018. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/assam-rifles-attacked-along-manipurmyanmar-border/article5028920.ece.

Lane, M. 2005. Personal communication to P. Gleick regarding conflicts in Northern Kenya, with reference to Sunday Nation newspaper reports of July 17, 2005.

Lang, Y. 1994. “High Dam: The Sword of Damocles.” In Dai Qing (ed.), Yangtze! Yangtze! London: Probe International, Earthscan Publications. pp. 229–240. https://journal.probeinternational.org/1994/05/31/chapter-25/.

Langat, W. 2015. “As water falls short, conflict between herders and farmers sharpens.” Reuters, November 23. https://www.reuters.com/article/kenya-climatechange-conflict-idUSL8N13D4G420151123.

Laskar, R.H. 2009. “Taliban threatens to poison Pak’s water sources.” November 18. https://www.rediff.com/news/report/taliban-threatens-to-poison-paks-water-sources/20091118.htm.

Latin American Herald Tribune (LAHT). 2016. “At least 190 dead in Syrian government-IS clashes in Deir al-Zour, Says SOHR.” January 16. Accessed March 5, 2018. https://www.laht.com/article.asp?CategoryId=12395&ArticleId=2403792.

Lemos, R. 2002. “Safety: Assessing the infrastructure risk.” CNET.com, August 26. https://www.cnet.com/news/safety-assessing-the-infrastructure-risk/.

Levitskiy, Y. 2005. “Kiev hydropower station threatened.” Evening News. No. 15, p. 123. In Ukrainian only. Левицький Я. Київську ГЕС погрожували підірвати, Вечірні вісті.

Levy, K. 2000. “Guatemalan dam massacre survivors seek reparations from financiers.” World Rivers Review, Berkeley, California: International Rivers Network. December, pp. 12-13.

Lillis, J. 2013. “Kyrgyzstan & Kazakhstan: Water Dispute Highlights Potential for Conflict.” Eurasianet.org, July 18. https://www.eurasianet.org/node/67267.

Lim, L. 2004. “China tries to calm dam protests.” BBC, November 18. https://news.bbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/-/2/hi/asia-pacific/4021901.stm.

Livingston, N.C. 1982. The War Against Terrorism. Lexington and Toronto, Canada: Lexington Books.

Lockwood, R.P. 2001. “The battle over the Crusades.” Catholic League, July 22. https://www.catholicleague.org/the-battle-over-the-crusades/.

Locsin, J. 2015. “Suspected NPA guerrillas raid water facility in Masbate.” GMA News Online, February 15. Accessed February 27, 2018. https://www.gmanetwork.com/news/news/regions/436912/suspected-npa-guerrillas-raid-water-facility-in-masbate/story/.

Lodge, Carey. 2014. “Muslim communities disappearing as violence in Central African Republic intensifies.” Christian Today, March 7. https://www.christiantoday.com/article/muslim.communities.disappearing.as.violence.in.central.african.republic.intensifies/36129.htm.

Lorenz, F.M. and Shaver, G. 2003. “The Protection of Water Facilities Under International Law.” PCCP Series No. 1. Paris, France: UNESCO – IHP.

MA’AN News Agency. 2013. “Armed group shuts down water plant in Sinai.” February 16. https://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?id=565739.

Macedonia Information Agency. 2001. “Humanitarian catastrophe averted in Kumanovo and Lipkovo.” Republic of Macedonia Agency of Information Archive, June 18. https://wwww.reliefweb.int/w/rwb.nsf/0/dbd4ef105d93da4ac1256a6f005bc328?OpenDocument.

MacFarquhar, N. and A. Goldman. 2020. "A New Face of White Supremacy: Plots Expose Danger of the ‘Base.’" The New York Times, January 22, 2020. Accessed March 6, 2022. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/22/us/white-supremacy-the-base.html.

Maclean, W. (ed.). 2018. “Iran calls for calm after water protests, clashes.” Reuters.com, July 1. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-iran-unrest/iran-calls-for-calm-after-water-protests-clashes-idUSKBN1JR1MS.

Mahoney, M. 2013. “The Trinidad Water Riots of 1903.” The National Archives, United Kingdom. https://blog.nationalarchives.gov.uk/blog/the-trinidad-water-riots-of-1903/.

Mahmoud, Rasha. 2020. "Egypt hackers attack Ethiopian sites as Nile dam talks falter." Al-Monitor, June 30, 2020. Accessed January 14, 2022. https://www.al-monitor.com/originals/2020/06/egypt-cyber-attack-ethiopia-nile-dam-dispute.html.

Makarov, P. 2005. “To look in the shameless eyes of officials!” In Russian only. Взглянуть в бесстыжие глаза чиновника! https://www.whp057.narod.ru/nikopol1-st1.htm and https://www.makarov.nikopol.net/doc/otnoshenie_vlasti.doc.

Makong, B. 2020. "Kenya: Calm Restored After Fight Between Two Clans Over Watering Point." Daily Nation, AllAfrica. February 26, 2020. https://allafrica.com/stories/202002270051.html?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter.

Makoye, K. 2012. “Drought drives Tanzanian herders into conflict with farmers.” Alert Net, June 12. https://news.trust.org//item/?map=drought-drives-tanzanian-herders-into-conflict-with-farmers.

Makoye, K. 2013. “Tanzania: Conflicts over Water Rise.” Inter Press News Service (IPS), October 18. Accessed May 30, 2014. https://www.ipsnews.net/2013/10/conflicts-over-water-rise-in-tanzania/.

Makoye, K. 2016. “Straight talking calms rural water conflicts in Tanzania.” Reuters, March 3. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-tanzania-water-conflict-idUSKCN0W51KB

Maler, S. 2014. “Mosul Dam: U.S. Airstrikes Pound ISIS Militants Holding Key Iraqi Facility.” International Business Times/Reuters, August 17. https://www.ibtimes.com/mosul-dam-us-airstrikes-pound-isis-militants-holding-key-iraqi-facility-1660630?rel=rel2.

Malik, L.K. 2005. Factors of risk of hydro technical buildings damage: Problems of safety. Moscow: Nauka. 354 p. In Russian only. Факторы риска повреждения гидротехнических сооружений: Проблемы безопасности.

Manila Bulletin. 2015. “ASG does an ISIS, cuts water supply to Maluso.” June 6. Accessed via pressreader.com. Accessed March 5, 2018. https://www.pressreader.com/philippines/manila-bulletin/20150610/281968901306217.

Marfleet, P. 2011. “Egyptians have removed a dictator Can they remove a dictatorship.” ZNET, February 15. https://zcomm.org/znetarticle/egyptians-have-removed-a-dictator-can-they-remove-a-dictatorship-by-philip-marfleet/.

Maseko, N. 2014. “South Africa: Four killed at protest over water shortages.” BBC, January 22. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-25840703.

Mashal, M. 2012. “What Iran and Pakistan want from the Afghans: Water.” Time, December 2. https://world.time.com/2012/12/02/what-iran-and-pakistan-want-from-the-afghans-water/.

Massy, P. 2016. “Is Tunisia heading toward a ‘thirst uprising’?” AlMonitor, September 16. https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2016/09/tunisia-water-scarcity-crisis-protests.html.

McAleer, O. 2014. “Climate Change Driving Farmer-Herder Conflict in Niger River Basin.” World Politics Review, July 14. https://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/13921/climate-change-driving-farmer-herder-conflict-in-niger-river-basin.

McDonnell, P.J. and Meyer, J. 2002. “Links to Terrorism Probed in Northwest.” Los Angeles Times, July 13.

McNeill, R and Akwagyiram, A. 2018. “The fight for Nigeria’s heartland.” Reuters Graphics, December 19. Accessed October 3, 2019. https://graphics.reuters.com/NIGERIA-SECURITY/010081Q3332/index.html.

McNeish, H. 2012. “Refugees in South Sudan face water crisis.” Agence France-Presse, March 31. https://www.modernghana.com/news/386523/1/refugees-in-south-sudan-face-water-crisis.html.

Meissner, R. 2000. “Hydropolitical hotspots in Southern Africa: Will there be a water war? The case of the Kunene river.” In Solomon, H. and Turton, A. (eds.). Water Wars: Enduring Myth or Impending Reality? Africa Dialogue Monograph Series No. 2. ACCORD, Umhlanga Rocks, South Africa.

Meissner, R. 2001. “Interaction and existing constraints in international river basins: The case of the Kunene River Basin.” In Nakayama, M. (ed.). International Waters in Southern Africa. United Nations University, Tokyo, Japan.

Melaugh, M. 2019. "A Chronology of the Conflict - 1969." CAIN Web Service. Last updated 3/22/2019. Accessed 9/9/2019. https://cain.ulster.ac.uk/othelem/chron/ch69.htm.

Melville, Sarah C. 2016. “The Campaigns of Sargon II, King of Assyria, 721–705 B.C.” University of Oklahoma Press, Oklahoma. Norman, Oklahoma. 320 pages.

Middle East Monitor. 2020. "Cyber-attack on Israel's water system, again." July 17, 2020. Accessed January 14, 2022. https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20200717-cyber-attack-on-israels-water-system-again/.

Mercy Corps. 2015. “The Economic Costs of Conflict and the Benefits of Peace: Effects of Farmer-Pastoralist Conflict in Nigeria’s Middle Belt on State, Sector, and National Economies.” https://d2zyf8ayvg1369.cloudfront.net/sites/default/files/Mercy%20Corps%20Nigeria%20State%20Costs%20of%20Conflict%20Policy%20Brief%20July%202015.pdf.

Mexico News Daily. 2018. “Conflict continues between two Oaxaca municipalities over access to water.” August 25. https://mexiconewsdaily.com/news/conflict-continues-over-access-to-water/.

Mfula, C. 1999. “Zambia: Bombs Rock Lusaka.” AllAfrica, March 1. https://allafrica.com/stories/199903010030.html.

Mghenyi C. 2018. “Conflict looms in Taita Taveta as camel herders invade farms.” The Star, November 21. https://www.the-star.co.ke/news/2018/11/21/conflict-looms-in-taita-taveta-as-camel-herders-invade-farms_c1851158.

Middle East Watch (MEW). 1991a. MEW interview with Ali al-Basri, London, May 4 and May 6, 1991.

Middle East Watch (MEW). 1991b. MEW interview, London, May 7, 1991.

Mills, E. 2011. “Hacker says he broke into Texas water plant, others.” CNET. Accessed May 30, 2014. https://www.cnet.com/news/hacker-says-he-broke-into-texas-water-plant-others/.

Mohamed, A.E. 2001. “Joint development and cooperation in international water resources: The case of the Limpopo and Orange River Basins in Southern Africa.” In Nakayama, M. (ed.). International Waters in Southern Africa. United Nations University, Tokyo, Japan.

Mohtadi, S. 2012. “Climate change and the Syrian uprising.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, August 16. https://thebulletin.org/web-edition/features/climate-change-and-the-syrian-uprising.

Mohtadi, H. and Murshid, A. 2006. “A Global Chronology of Incidents of Chemical, Biological, Radioactive and Nuclear Attacks: 1950-2005.” 74 pp. https://cpb-us-w2.wpmucdn.com/people.uwm.edu/dist/0/252/files/2016/07/A-Global-Chronology-of-Incidents-of-Chemical-Biological-and-Radionuclear-Attacks.doc-1u8sbvu.pdf.

Moorehead, A. 1960. The White Nile. England: Penguin Books.

Moriarty, P., Butterworth, J., van Koopen, B. 2004. “Beyond Domestic case studies on poverty and productive uses of water at the household level.” Delft, the Netherlands, IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre (Technical Paper Series, No. 41). https://www.ircwash.org/resources/beyond-domestic-case-studies-poverty-and-productive-uses-water-household-level.

Mortimer, C. 2016. “Why two Indian states have started rioting over water.” The Independent, September 13. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/india-riots-water-latest-deaths-wounded-injured-in-bangalore-karnataka-tamil-nadu-a7247226.html.

Mroue, B. 2012. “Activists: Syrian rebels seize major dam in north.” The Daily Star, Lebanon, November 26. https://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Middle-East/2012/Nov-26/196180-activists-syrian-rebels-seize-major-dam-in-north.ashx.

MSNBC. 2002. “FBI says al-Qaida after water supply.” January 31. https://www.ionizers.org/water-terrorism.php.

Muhammadi, H. 2011. “Extreme thirst for water in Helmand.” Daily Weesa.

Mulenga, M. 1999. “One killed as five blasts rock the Zambian capital.” Associated Press, February 28.

Muller-Jung, F. and Oneko, S. 2018. “Nigeria: Communal Violence – It’s About More Than Land.” AllAfrica, April 26. Accessed May 7, 2018. https://allafrica.com/stories/201804270056.html.

Munene, G. 2019. “Kenya: Kirinyaga school water ‘poisoned’ in strange attack. AllAfrica.com, Daily Nation, February 12. Accessed March 8, 2019. https://allafrica.com/stories/201902130090.html?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter

Murithi, K. 2017. “One killed as Meru farmers clash with Borana herders.” The Start, February 14. https://www.the-star.co.ke/counties/north-eastern/2017-02-14-one-killed-as-meru-farmers-clash-with-borana-herders/.

Murphy, K. 2006. “Old feud over Lebanese river takes new turn. Israel’s airstrikes on canals renew enduring suspicions that it covets water from the Litani.” Los Angeles Times, August 10. https://articles.latimes.com/2006/aug/10/world/fg-litani10.

Murphy, I.L. and Sabadell, J.E. 1986. “International river basins: A policy model for conflict resolution.” Resources Policy. Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 133–144.

Museum of the City of New York (MCNY). n.d. The Greater New York Consolidation Timeline. https://www.mcny.org/Exhibitions/GNY/timeline.htm.

Nadeem, A. 2001. “Bombs in Karachi Kill One.” Associated Press, June 13.

Naff, T. and Matson, R.C. (eds.). 1984. Water in the Middle East: Conflict or Cooperation? Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.

Nagy, T.J. 2001. “The Secret Behind the Sanctions: How the U.S. Intentionally Destroyed Iraq’s Water Supply.” The Progressive, 165(9): 22–26.

Naharnet Newsdesk. 2014. “Seven Soldiers, 1 Civilian Killed in Eastern Ukraine.” October 30. https://www.naharnet.com/stories/153302-seven-soldiers-1-civilian-killed-in-eastern-ukraine/print.

Naharnet Newsdesk. 2015. “Latest FARC Attack Leaves Colombia Town without water.” June 6. Accessed March 5, 2018. https://m.naharnet.com/stories/en/181317-latest-farc-attack-leaves-colombia-town-without-water.

Namrouqa H. 2019. "Water supply to be disrupted as alleged sabotage hits Disi project." The Jordan Times, August 22, 2019. Accessed September 10, 2019. https://www.jordantimes.com/news/local/water-supply-be-disrupted-alleged-sabotage-hits-disi-project.

Nath, H.K. 2016. “Manipur unrest: Mob burns down church in Imphal, police use tear gas on bandh supporters.” India Blooms, December 20. Accessed March 5, 2018. https://www.indiablooms.com/news-details/N/27022/manipur-unrest-mob-burns-down-church-in-imphal-police-use-tear-gas-on-bandh-supporters.html.

Nation, The. 2016. “Water pipeline blown up in Dera Bugti.” December 30. Accessed March 5, 2018. https://nation.com.pk/31-Dec-2016/water-pipeline-blown-up-in-dera-bugti.

Nation Newspaper, The. 2018. “How to Resolve Farmers/Herders Crisis, by Tinubu, Ribadu, Sani.” October 9. https://saharareporters.com/2018/10/09/how-resolve-farmersherders-crisis-tinubu-ribadu-sani.

National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START). 2019. Global Terrorism Database. Data downloaded March 4, 2022. https://www.start.umd.edu/gtd.

National Geographic News. 2001. “Ancient Fertile Crescent almost gone, satellite images show.” May 18. https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2001/05/0518_crescent.html.

Nebehay, S. 2014. “Acute water crisis looms in Gaza, aid agencies warn.” Reuters, July 15. https://www.reuters.com/article/2014/07/15/us-palestinians-israel-aid-idUSKBN0FK1M020140715.

New Humanitarian, The. 2005. “Iraq: Water main attacks affects two million in Baghdad.” ReliefWeb, June 22. https://reliefweb.int/report/iraq/iraq-water-main-attack-affects-two-million-baghdad.

New Humanitarian, The. 2008. “Somilia: Govt denouces attacks on aid workers as abductions continue.” ReliefWeb, July 2. https://reliefweb.int/report/somalia/somalia-govt-denounces-attacks-aid-workers-abductions-continue.

New Indian Express, The. 2014. “Maoists Blow up Culvert, Set Fire to Excavator.” November 21. https://www.newindianexpress.com/states/odisha/2014/nov/21/Maoists-Blow-up-Culvert-Set-Fire-to-Excavator-684951.html.

New York Times, The. 1941. “Act Laid to Stalin: Razing of Dam Reported Ordered to Bar Nazis’ Path with Flood.” August 21.

New York Times, The. 1970 “1 of 2 Baton Rouge Explosions Rips Capitol’s Senate Chamber.” April 27.

New York Times, The. 1974. “Bomb Damages Office of I.T.T. And Other Points in Puerto Rico.” December 2. https://www.nytimes.com/1974/12/02/archives/bomb-damages-office-of-itt-and-other-points-in-puerto-rico.html.

New York Times, The. 1999. “Puerto Ricans protest Navy’s use of water.” October 31. https://www.nytimes.com/1999/10/31/us/national-news-briefs-puerto-ricans-protest-navy-s-use-of-water.html.

News 24. 2017. “At least 10 arrested after Boko Haram displaced protest.” September 26. Accessed April 18, 2018. https://www.news24.com/Africa/News/at-least-10-arrested-after-boko-haram-displaced-protest-20170926.

Newspaper Correspondent, The. 2014. “Militants blow up two schools in Mohmand.” Dawn, June 28. https://www.dawn.com/news/1115881.

Niazi, S. 2016a. “Murders, violence on rise as parched central India battles for water.” Reuters, June 29, 2016. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-india-water-violence-idUSKCN0ZF0IW.

Niazi, S. 2016b. “Armed Guards Protect Last Water in Drought-Parched Indian City.” Reuters, May 9, 2016. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-india-water-shortage-idUSKCN0Y00HA.

Njeru, G. 2012. “Water shortages driving growing thefts, conflicts in Kenya.” Alert Net, August 6. https://www.trust.org/alertnet/news/water-shortages-driving-growing-thefts-conflicts-in-kenya/.

Norwegian Refugee Council/Global IDP Project. 2002. “Profile of Internal Displacement: Kenya.” Compilation of the information available in the Global IDP Database of the Norwegian Refugee Council (as of 17 January, 2002). https://www.internal-displacement.org/assets/library/Africa/Kenya/pdf/Kenya+-January+2002.pdf.

Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI). 2005. “A Brief History of Chemical Warfare.” https://www.nti.org/h_learnmore/cwtutorial/chapter02_02.html.

Oaten, J. and S. Patidar. 2020. "Delhi is facing a water crisis. Ahead of day zero, the city's residents have turned to the mafia and murder." ABC News, Australia. February 7, 2020. https://mobile.abc.net.au/news/2020-02-08/delhi-water-crisis-leads-to-mafia-murder-and-mutiny/11931208?pfmredir=sm.

Oberg. 2021. "Organized violence 1989-2020, with a special emphasis on Syria." Journal of Peace Research, 58(4). Accessed January 13, 2022. https://ucdp.uu.se/downloads/index.html#ged_global.

Observatorio del Cambio Rural (OCARU). n.d. “Amenazas a dirigentes en San Pablo de Amalí.” https://ocaru.org.ec/index.php/comunicamos/noticias/item/2898-amenazas-a-dirigentes-en-san-pablo-de-amal%C3%AD.

Okoko, T.O. 2000. “Kenya: Monkeys, Humans Fight over Drinking Water.” Panafrican News Agency, March 21. https://allafrica.com/stories/200003210051.html.

Okudera, A. 2012. “Waste water fears spark riots in China.” The Asahi Shimbun, July 28. https://ajw.asahi.com/article/asia/china/AJ201207280079.

Olson, Jared. 2020. "Honduras’s Deadly Water Wars." The Nation. March 24, 2020. Accessed January 14, 2022. https://www.thenation.com/article/world/honduras-mine-conflict/.

Omer, M. 2014. “Gaza: Israel bombs water and sewerage systems.” Ecologist, Journal for the Post Industrial Age, July 16. https://theecologist.org/2014/jul/16/gaza-israel-bombs-water-and-sewage-systems.

Onyanga-Omara, 2017. “Report: Water pipeline to ISIL stronghold Raqqa destroyed.” USA TODAY, February 3. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2017/02/03/report-water-pipeline-isil-stronghold-raqqa-destroyed/97436786/#.

OOSKANews Correspondent. 2012. “Egypt Water Shortage Protests Are Widespread and Violent.” World Water News by OOSKANews, July 25. https://www.ooskanews.com/daily-water-briefing/egypt-water-shortage-protests-are-widespread-and-violent_23549.

OOSKANews Correspondent. 2018. “Militants Target Libya’s Great Man-made River System.” World Water News by OOSKANews, July 11. https://www.ooskanews.com/story/2018/07/militants-target-libyas-great-man-made-river-system_176732.

Opinion Express. 2021. "Taliban fired mortars on Salma Dam to target Afghan-India friendship." July 17, 2021. https://opinionexpress.in/taliban-fired-mortars-on-salma-dam-to-target-afghan-india-friendship.

Orlenko, I. P. 1981. “We are ‘Tallinim’.” Eesti raamat, Tallinn, Estonia. 164 p. In Russian only. Орленко И. Ф. Мы. 1981.“Мы – ‘Таллиннские’.” Ээсти раамат, Таллин, Эстония. https://www.bellabs.ru/51/Book1/Book1-00.html.

Oxfam. 2007. “OPT: Gaza siege puts public health at risk as water and sanitation services deteriorate warns Oxfam.” ReliefWeb, November 20. https://reliefweb.int/report/occupied-palestinian-territory/opt-gaza-siege-puts-public-health-risk-water-and-sanitation.

Pagan, A.R. 2005. “Catastrophic Dam Failures,” CENews.com, December. https://www.cenews.com/magazine-article-cenews.com-december-2005-catastrophic_dam_failures-4617.html.

PakTribune. 2015. “Peshmerga fighters to stand against Daesh.” January 15. Accessed February 27, 2018. https://paktribune.com/news/Peshmerga-fighters-to-stand-against-Daesh-272882.html.

Pannier, B. 2000. “Central Asia: Water becomes a political issue.” Radio Free Europe, August 8. https://www.rferl.org/content/article/1094473.html.

Parry, R.L. 2001. “UN fears ‘disaster’ over strikes near huge dam.” The Independent, London. November 7. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/un-fears-disaster-over-strikes-near-huge-dam-9159118.html.

Pashtun Valley. 2009. Accessed June 19, 2019. https://pashtunvalley1.blogspot.com/2011/03/khost-province-of-afghanistan.html.

Paul, R. 2017. “Bangladesh uses tear gas, water cannon to break up power plant protest.” Reuters, January 26. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-bangladesh-power-protests-idUSKBN15A1GC.

Pearson, T. 2014. “Attacks on Utilities and Other Violence Continues in Venezuela.” venezuelanalysis.com, March 27. https://venezuelanalysis.com/news/10545.

Perlez, J. and Shah, P.Z. 2008. “Confronting the Taliban at home, Pakistan Finds Itself at War.” The New York Times, October 3. https://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/03/world/asia/03pstan.html.

Pettersson, Therese, Shawn Davis, Amber Deniz, Garoun Engstrom, Nanr Hawach, Stina Hogbladh, Margareta Sollenberg, and Magnus

Phillips, Dave, Azmat Khan, and Eric Schmitt. 2022. "A Dam in Syria Was on a 'No-Strike' List. The U.S. Bombed It Anyway." Accessed January 25, 2022. The New York Times, January 20, 2022. https://www.nytimes.com/2022/01/20/us/airstrike-us-isis-dam.html?referringSource=articleShare.

Pietz, D.A. 2015. “The Yellow River: a history of China’s water crisis.” China Dialogue. https://www.chinadialogue.net/culture/8134-The-Yellow-River-a-history-of-China-s-water-crisis/en.

Piper, K. 2012. “Revolution of the Thirsty.” The Design Observer Group. Accessed June 26, 2014. https://places.designobserver.com/feature/egypt-revolution-of-the-thirsty/34318/.

Plant, G. 1995. “Water as a weapon in war.” Water and War, Symposium on Water in Armed Conflicts, Montreux 21-23 November 1994, Geneva, ICRC.

Polaco, A. 2016. “Venezuela looters target chicken, flour amid worsening shortages.” Reuters, May 16. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-venezuela-looting-idUSKCN0Y427V.

Pottinger, M. 2000. “Major Chinese lake disappearing in water crisis.”Reuters, December 20.

Press Trust of India (PTI). 2002. “Cauvery row: Farmers renew stir.” The Times of India, October 20. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Cauvery-row-Farmers-renew-stir/articleshow/26586125.cms.

Press Trust of India (PTI). 2013. “Pakistan asks India to Withdraw Siachen Troops.” Hindustan Times, December 4. https://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/pak-cites-water-crisis-asks-india-to-withdraw-siachen-troops/article1-1158965.aspx.

Presstv. 2015. “Colombia president raps rebels for attacking oil pipeline.” July 22. https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2015/06/27/417675/Colombia–Juan-Manuel-Santos-FARC-rebels-oil-pipeline-Narino-Tumaco.

Pretoria Dispatch Online. 1999. “Dam bomb may be ‘aimed at farmers’.” July 21.

Proctor, K. 2014. “Refugee Crisis Draining Jordan’s Water Resources.” Atlantic Council, March 21. https://www.atlanticcouncil.org/blogs/menasource/refugee-crisis-draining-jordan-s-water-resources.

Project Appraisal Document on a Proposed Grant to the Democratic Republic of Congo for an Urban Water Supply Project. Washington, D.C.

Protection Cluster. 2018. Protection Cluster Ukraine, October 2018. https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/2018_10_protection_cluster_factsheet_eng.pdf.

Public Services International. 2003. “Urgent action: Bomb blast kills 3 workers at the Cali Water Treatment Plant.” May 13.

Puntland Development Research Centre (PDRC). 2014. Consolidation of the 1993 Mudug Peace Agreement. Accessed June 26, 2014. https://pdrcsomalia.org/.

Purver, R. 1995. “Chemical and Biological Terrorism: The Threat According to the Open Literature.” Ottawa, Canada: Canadian Security Intelligence Service.

Radio Dabanga. 2014. “Khor Abeche camp in South Darfur laid waste.” March 23. https://www.radiodabanga.org/node/69583.

Farda, R. 2018. “Angry Farmers in Isfahan Sabotage Water Supply To Neighboring Yazd.” Radio Farda, November 25. https://en.radiofarda.com/a/iran-isfahan-farmers-sabotage-water-transfer-system-to-yazd/29620054.html

Radio Free Europe. 2011. “Captured Taliban Commander: ‘I Received Iranian Training’.” August 23. https://www.rferl.org/content/captured_taliban_commander_claims_trained_in_iran/24305674.html.

Raleigh, Clionadh, Andrew Linke, Havard Hegre and Joakim Karlsen. 2010. “Introducing ACLED-Armed Conflict Location and Event Data.” Journal of Peace Research. 47(5) 651-660. Data Last Exported January 11, 2022. https://www.acleddata.com/data/.

Ramon S.A. 2018. “Asesinan a Dos Miembros de la Resistencia Pacific de Yich K’Isis En San Mateo Ixtatan.” Presna Comunitaria, December 17. https://www.prensacomunitaria.org/asesinan-a-dos-miembros-de-la-resistencia-pacifica-de-yichkisis-en-san-mateo-ixtatan/.

RAND Database of Worldwide Terrisom Incidents (RDWTI). 2018. Accessed February 2018. https://www.rand.org/nsrd/projects/terrorism-incidents/download.html.

Rasch, P.J. 1968. “The Tularosa Ditch War.” New Mexico Historical Review, 43(3): 229–235.

Rasheed, A. 2015. “Iraqi army, militia repel Islamic State attack on dam north of Baghdad.” Business Insider, February 15. Accessed February 28, 2018. https://www.businessinsider.com/r-iraqi-army-militia-repel-islamic-state-attack-on-dam-north-of-baghdad-sources-2015-2.

Rathfelder, E. 2007. “Dangerous Forces: Dams, Dikes, and Nuclear Stations.” In Crimes of War. West Sussex, United Kingdom: Random House..

REACH. 2018. Humanitarian Trend Analysis Fact Sheet: Government controlled areas of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts, Ukraine, June, 2018. https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/ukr_humanitarian_trend_analysis_factsheet_june_2018.pdf.

Reisner, M. 1993. Cadillac Desert: The American West and Its Disappearing Water. New York: Penguin Books.

Relief Web. 2017a. “Humanitarian Coordinator in Yemen, Jamie McGoldrick, Statement on the Situation in the Dhubab and Al Mokha Areas [EN/AR].” https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/humanitarian-coordinator-yemen-jamie-mcgoldrick-statement-situation-dhubab-and-al-mokha.

Relief Web. 2017b. “Humanitarian Bulletin: Ukraine. Issue 16. 1 January – 28 February 2017.” https://reliefweb.int/report/ukraine/humanitarian-bulletin-ukraine-issue-16-1-january-28-february-2017.

Renaud, J.P. and Johnson, J. 2004. “Missionary Slain in Iraq Mourned.” LA Times, March 17. https://articles.latimes.com/2004/mar/17/local/me-karen17.

Reuters 1999a. “NATO Keeps up Strikes but Belgrade Quiet.” June 5. https://dailynews.yahoo.com/headlines/wl/story.html?s=v/nm/19990605/wl/yugoslavia_strikes_129.html.

Reuters 1999b. “NATO Builds Evidence of Kosovo Atrocities.” June 17. https://article.wn.com/view/1999/06/17/WRAPUPNATO_builds_evidence_of_Kosovo_atrocities/.

Reuters. 2000. “Major Chinese lake disappearing in water crisis.” CNN.com.nature, December 20. https://us.cnn.com/2000/NATURE/12/20/china.lake.reut/.

Reuters. 2003. “Italy on alert for water poisoner.” CNN.com, December 3. https://www.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/europe/12/09/italy.water.reut/.

Reuters. 2004a. “Al Qaeda spy chief killed in Pakistani raid.” March 29. https://www.nzherald.co.nz/world/news/article.cfm?c_id=2&objectid=3557758.

Reuters. 2004b. “Water duel kills elderly cousins.” The Guardian, March 10. https://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2004/mar/11/mexico.

Reuters. 2004c. “Turkish truck driver killed in Mosul.” ABC News, October 29. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2004-10-29/turkish-truck-driver-killed-in-mosul/576438.

Reuters. 2006. “Clashes over water, pasture kill 40 in east Africa.”ReliefWeb, June 6. Accessed August 22, 2019. https://reliefweb.int/report/kenya/kenya-clashes-over-water-pasture-kill-40-east-africa.

Reuters. 2009. “One dead in south Yemen protest over water cuts.” August 24. https://www.reuters.com/article/idUSLO506927.

Reuters. 2012a. “Update 3-Peru clash over Newmont mine kills three.” July 3. https://www.reuters.com/article/peru-newmont-idUSL2E8I3GB820120704.

Reuters. 2012b. “Power cuts spark protests as India swelters.” July 4. www.reuters.com/article/2012/07/04/uk-india-electricity-protest-idUSLNE86300Q20120704.

Reuters. 2018. “Farmer, herder battle highlights arable land battle in Nigeria.” defenseWeb, June 27. Accessed October 3, 2019. https://www.defenceweb.co.za/security/national-security/farmer-herder-conflict-highlights-arable-land-battle-in-nigeria/?catid=49%3ANational%20Security&Itemid=115.

Reuters. 2019. “Pakistan accuses India of waging ‘fifth-generation warfare’ in Kashmir by using water as a weapon.” South China Morning Post, August 19. Accessed September 4, 2019. https://www.scmp.com/news/asia/south-asia/article/3023486/pakistan-accuses-india-waging-fifth-generation-warfare-kashmir.

Reuters. 2020. "In Libya, water cuts add to misery of conflict and coronavirus." April 8, 2020. Accessed January 14, 2022. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-libya-security-idUSKCN21Q2R5.

Reuters. 2022. "Russian troops destroy Ukrainian dam that blocked water to Crimea." February 26, 2022. https://www.reuters.com/world/europe/russian-troops-destroy-ukrainian-dam-that-blocked-water-crimea-ria-2022-02-26/.

Reznick, A. 2016. “Weaponizing Syria’s Water.” Boston Review, January 4. https://www.bostonreview.net/world/syria-water-alisa-reznick.

Ritter, K. 2018. “HotSpots H20, April 30: Spotlight on Herder-Farmer conflict in West Africa.” Circle of Blue, April 30. Accessed May 7, 2018. https://www.circleofblue.org/2018/world/hotspots-h2o-april-30-spotlight-on-herder-farmer-conflict-in-west-africa/.

Ritter, K. 2019. “Hotspots H2O: South Sudanese Dying from Thirst and Water Related Violence.” Circle of Blue, April 8. https://www.circleofblue.org/2019/hotspots/hotspots-h2o-south-sudanese-dying-from-thirst-and-water-related-violence/.

Ritter, K 2020 "HotSpots H2O: Conflict and Covid-19 Disrupt Water Supplies in Ukraine." Circle of Blue, July 6, 2020. https://www.circleofblue.org/2020/world/hotspots-h2o-conflict-and-covid-19-disrupt-water-supplies-in-ukraine/.

Rome Guide. 2004. “Fontana di Trevi: History.” https://web.tiscali.it/romaonlineguide/Pages/eng/rbarocca/sBMy5.htm.

Rome News-Tribune. 2014. “FBI: Men planned guerilla war against federal agencies.” February 20. https://www.northwestgeorgianews.com/rome/news/local/update-fbi-says-terry-peace-brian-cannon-and-cory-williamson/article_bbaa4e6a-99c1-11e3-86c1-0017a43b2370.html.

Roul, A. 2010. “Taliban and Weapons of Mass Disruption Threat.” CBW Magazine, Vol. 3, No. 1, January. Accessed April 4, 2014. https://www.idsa.in/cbwmagazine/TalibanandWeaponsofMassDisruptionThreat_aroul_0110#.Uz8b2PldWSo.

Rowe, W.T. 1988. “Water control and the Qing political process: The Fankou Dam controversy, 1876-1883.” Modern China, 14(4): 353-387.

Rubin, A.J. and Nordland, R. 2014. “Sunni Militants advance toward Large Iraqi Dam.” The New York Times, June 25. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/26/world/middleeast/isis-iraq.html.

Rudaw. 2018. “Afrin IDPs face new crisis as Turkey threatens operation on Tal Rifaat.” March 26. Accessed March 26, 2018. https://www.rudaw.net/english/middleeast/syria/26032018.

Ruwitch, J. 2012. “China cancels waste project after protests turn violent.” Reuters, July 28. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-environment-protest-idUSBRE86R02Y20120728.

Ryu, A. 2009. “Water rights dispute sparks ethnic clashes in Kenya’s Rift Valley.” Voice of America, October 30. https://m.voanews.com/a/a-13-2005-03-21-voa28/301973.html.

Sabah, Z. and Alwan, A. 2015. “Islamic State Seizes Dam, Kills Iraqi General, 127 Soldiers.” Bloomberg, April 25. Accessed February 28, 2018. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-04-25/islamic-state-fighters-kill-general-and-127-soldiers-seize-dam.

Sadler, B. and Clancy, J. 1999. “Week 4 begins NATO warns attacks could continue for months.” CNN, April 14. https://www.cnn.com/WORLD/europe/9904/14/nato.attack.06/.

Sahagun, L. 2013. “Los Angeles Aqueduct bomber reveals his story.” Los Angeles Times, October 30. https://www.latimes.com/local/la-me-c1-aqueduct-bomber-20131030-dto-htmlstory.html#axzz2jEmogyYd.

Salehyan, I., Hendrix, C.S., Hamner, J., Case, C., Linebarger, C., Stull, E., and Williams, J. 2014. Social Conflict Analysis Database. University of Texas. Accessed 2017. https://www.strausscenter.org/scad.html.

Samson, P. and Charrier, B. 1997. “International freshwater conflict: Issues and prevention strategies.” Green Cross International.

Sandrasagra, M.J. 2000. “Development Ethiopia: Relief agencies warn of major food crisis.” Inter Press Service, April 11.

Sater, W. 1981. “Puerto Rican Terrorists: A Possible Threat to U.S. Energy Installations?” RAND, October.

Save the Children. 2019. "Testimonies from families fleeing violence in N-E territories." October 20, 2019. Accessed November 18, 2019. https://www.savethechildren.org/us/about-us/media-and-news/2019-press-releases/testimonies-from-families-fleeing-violence-north-east-syria.

Scheiber, H.N. 1969. Ohio Canal Era. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press. pp. 174–175.

Schlanger, Z. 2018. “Cape Town Drought Limits Are Now At The Bare Minimum For Survival.” Quartz, February 1. Accessed February 2, 2018. https://qz.com/1195846/cape-town-drought-water-limits-are-now-at-the-bare-minimum-for-survival/.

Schmetzer, U. 1999. “Serbs Allege NATO Raids Caused Toxic Catastrophe: Bombed Refineries, Plants Spewed Stew of Poisons, They Say.” Chicago Tribune, July 8. https://articles.chicagotribune.com/1999-07-08/news/9907080418_1_nato-spokesmen-nato-strikes-yugoslav-army.

Schneider, K. 2016a. “Protests Over Water Safety, Bank Financing Rock Bangladesh Coal Plants.” Circle of Blue Water News, November 1. https://www.circleofblue.org/2016/world/protests-water-safety-bank-financing-rock-bangladesh-coal-plants/.

Schneider, K. 2016b. “A Murder on South Africa Wild Coast Escalates Conflict Over Water, Land, Mining.” Circle of Blue Water News, March 22. https://www.circleofblue.org/2016/south-africa/murder-south-africa-wild-coast-escalates-conflict-water-land-mining/.

Schofield, R. 2004. “Darfur: 2.5 million people will require food aid in 2005.” Medair, available through ReliefWeb, November 22. https://reliefweb.int/report/sudan/darfur-sudan-25-million-people-will-require-food-aid-2005.

Schulte B. 2019. “Water and Fire.” The Wilson Quarterly. https://www.wilsonquarterly.com/quarterly/water-in-a-world-of-conflict/water-and-fire/.

Schwartz, S. 1999. “U.S.: Serbs destroying bodies of Kosovo victims.” CNN, May 5. https://www.cnn.com/WORLD/europe/9905/05/kosovo.bodies.

Schwartzstein P. 2019. "How Jordan's Climate and Water Crisis Threatens its Fragile Peace." The Center for Climate and Security, September 9, 2019. Accessed September 10, 2019. https://climateandsecurity.org/2019/09/09/climate-water-security-and-jordans-fragile-peace/amp/?__twitter_impression=true.

Science. 2006. “Tallying Mideast Damage.” 313(5793): 1549. https://science.sciencemag.org/content/313/5793/1549.3.

Scofield, C.I. (ed.). 1967. New Scofield Reference Bible, Authorized King James Version. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Semann, D. 1950. “Die Kriegsbesch?digungen der Edertalsperrmauer, die Wiederherstellungsarbeiten und die angestellten Untersuchungen über die Standfestigkeit der Mauer.” Die Wasserwirtschaft, 41. Jg., Nr. 1 u. 2.

Sethi, A. 2016. “India’s Water Wars.” The New York Times, March 1. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/02/opinion/indias-water-wars.html?_r=2.

Serpell, Namwall. 2020. "Learning from the Kariba Dam." New York Times. July 22, 2020. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/07/22/magazine/zambia-kariba-dam.html.

Shabelle Media Network. 2012. “Ethnic Fighting Renews in Lower Jubba Region, South Somalia.” AllAfrica, August 15. https://allafrica.com/stories/201208160039.html.

Shah, A. 2012. “Officials say 7 Afghan children killed by bomb.” Associated Press, July 25. https://news.yahoo.com/officials-7-afghan-children-killed-bomb-110922657.html.

Sharife, K. 2008. “Tibet: Shifting climates on the roof of the world.” Guernica, May 18. https://www.guernicamag.com/daily/shifting_climates_on_the_roof/.

Sharma, A. 2014. “Water scarcity heightens caste tensions in India.” Thomson Reuters Foundation, January 30. https://www.trust.org/item/20140129120744-te896/?source=hptop/.

Shultz, J. and Draper, M.C. (eds). 2009. Dignity and Defiance: Stories from Bolivia’s Challenge to Globalization. Berkeley: The University of California Press.

Shuttleworth, K. 2015. “Brand New Palestinian City Opens Its Doors after Years of Delay.” The National, September 18. https://www.thenational.ae/world/middle-east/brand-new-palestinian-city-opens-its-doors-after-years-of-delay.

Simon, F. 2018. “San Mateo Ixtatan: Don Sebastian Alonzo Juan, martyr in the defense of rivers.” Translated by Network in Solidarity with the People of Guatemala, January 6. Accessed September 4, 2019. https://nisgua.org/san-mateo-ixtatan-don-sebastian-alonzo-juan-martyr-in-the-defense-of-rivers/.

Simons, M. 1999. “Hungary Says Danube’s Bombed-Out Bridges May Cause Floods.” The New York Times, October 24. https://www.nytimes.com/1999/10/24/world/hungary-says-danube-s-bombed-out-bridges-may-cause-floods.html.

Singh, G. 2009. “Water Wars Strike Ahead of Predictions.” EcoWorldly.com, May 16. https://ecolocalizer.com/2009/05/16/water-wars-strike-ahead-of-predictions/.

Sky News. 2014. “South African Water Protestors Shot by Police.” January 13. https://news.sky.com/story/1194450/south-africa-water-protesters-shot-by-police.

Smith, J. 2019. “Eco-vandals shut down high country water diversions bound for Front Range, causing $1 million in damage.” Water Education Colorado, August 14. Accessed August 26, 2019. https://www.watereducationcolorado.org/fresh-water-news/eco-vandals-shut-down-high-country-water-diversions-bound-for-the-front-range-causing-1-million-in-damage/.

Soloman, A. 2001. “Policeman dies as blasts rock strike-hit Karachi.” Reuters, March 23. https://dailynews.yahoo.com/h/nm/20010613/ts/pakistan_strike_dc_1.html.

Somaliland Globe. 2009. “Mob runs riot as part of Hargeisa runs out of water.” June 8. https://www.somalilandglobe.com/596/mob-runs-riot-as-part-of-hargeisa-runs-out-of-water/.

SourceWatch. 2018. “Cano Limon-Covenas Oil Pipeline.” Accessed December 7, 2018. Last Modified February 2018. https://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php/Ca%C3%B1o_Lim%C3%B3n%E2%80%93Cove%C3%B1as_Oil_Pipeline.

South Asian Intelligence Review. 2001. “Two top Maoist rebel leaders reported killed in Army Action.” Accessed May 30, 2014. https://www.satp.org/satporgtp/detailsmall_news.asp?date1=12/2/2001&id=2.

South Asian Intelligence Review. 2002. “Terrorists attack Assam Rifles camp in Manipur.” Accessed May 30, 2014. https://www.satp.org/satporgtp/detailsmall_news.asp?date1=1/29/2002&id=6.

South Asian Intelligence Review. 2003. “Suspected PBCP cadres kill six BNP workers in Naogaon.” April 26. Accessed May 30, 2014. https://www.satp.org/satporgtp/detailsmall_news.asp?date1=4/26/2003&id=2/.

South Asian Intelligence Review. 2006. “75 LTTE cadres and 26 soldiers among 103 persons killed in separate incidents.” August 1. Accessed May 30, 2014. https://www.satp.org/satporgtp/detailsmall_news.asp?date1=8/1/2006&id=1.

South Asian Intelligence Review. 2009. “TTP threatens to poison water in Rawalpindi area.” November 18. Accessed May 30, 2014. https://www.satp.org/satporgtp/detailsmall_news.asp?date1=11/18/2009&id=18.

South Asian Intelligence Review. 2012. “Attack on Wullar Conservation Project in Jammu and Kashmir a Pakistani handiwork, say sources.” Accessed May 30, 2014. https://www.satp.org/satporgtp/detailsmall_news.asp?date1=8/30/2012&id=15.

South Asian Intelligence Review. n.d. “South Asian Terrorism Portal: Balochistan.” Accessed May 30, 2014. https://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/pakistan/Balochistan/data/Attacks_Gas_pipeline.htm.

Sputnik. 2019. “Israel Chokes Off Water Supply to 17 Palestinian Communities – Report.” Sputnik Middle East, February 14. https://sputniknews.com/middleeast/201902141072402715-israel-cuts-off-water-supply-palestinians/.

Staberock, G. and Lahidji, K. 2016. "Re: Special Trial No. 0224120130086 for terrorism against Manuela Narcisa Pacheco Zapata and Manuel Cornelio Trujillo Secaira, human rights defenders, Letter to Judges of the Bolivar Criminal Guarantees Court, Monar, Paucar, Betancourt." January 15, 2016. Translated from Spanish to English by Google Translate on November 1, 2019. https://www.omct.org/files/2016/01/23565/ecuador_2016.01.15_carta_abierta.pdf.

Staff, Reuters. 2014. “Three Kurdish militants killed in attack on Turkish power plant.” October 24. https://ca.reuters.com/article/topNews/idCAKCN0ID0SJ20141024.

Stark, J., Guillen, S., and Brady, C. 2012. Follow the Water: Emerging Issues of Climate Change and Conflict in Peru. USAID. CMM Discussion Paper No. 5.

Statesman News Service. 2007. “Clash takes place over water rights.” November 6. https://article.wn.com/view/2007/11/06/Clash_takes_place_over_water_rights/.

Steinberg, T.S. 1990. “Dam-breaking in the nineteenth-century Merrimack Valley.” Journal of Social History, 24(1): 25–45.

Stevenson, M. 2014. “Mexico City residents battle police over water.” Associated Press, May 22. https://news.yahoo.com/mexico-city-residents-battle-police-over-water-144815836.html.

Stewart, W.H. n.d. “An Analysis of the 1944 Japanese Defense of Saipan.” Accessed February 11, 2011. https://saipanstewart.com/essays/Defense%20of%20Saipan.html.

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). 1971. The Rise of CB Weapons: The Problem of Chemical and Biological Warfare. New York, NY: Humanities Press.

Stolley, G. 2016. “23 arrested after water riots erupt in Jozini.” IOL Independent Media, South Africa, May 25. https://www.iol.co.za/news/crime-courts/23-arrested-after-water-riots-erupt-in-jozini-2026271.

Strategic Foresight Group. 2019. "Water and Violence: Ukraine." Blue Peace Bulletin, Vol 2/2019. https://www.strategicforesight.com/publication_pdf/WATER%20AND%20VIOLENCE%20-%20UKRAINE.pdf.

Stratfor. 2013. “Libya: Difficulty In Maintaining Central Control Over Man Made River.” September 11. https://www.stratfor.com/image/libyas-troubles-maintaining-central-control.

Stratfor. 2016. “Dams Power Turkey’s Conflict with the Kurds.” June 23. https://worldview.stratfor.com/article/dams-power-turkeys-conflict-kurds.

Styran, R.M. and Taylor, R.R. 2001. ‘The Great Swivel Link’: Canada’s Welland Canal. Toronto, Canada: The Champlain Society.

Sudan Tribune. 2012. “Government Denies Deal with Sudan to Strike Ethiopian Dam.” AllAfrica, September 24. https://allafrica.com/stories/201209250218.html.

Sudanese Online. 2017. “Soldiers beat, torture water delegation in North Darfur.” April 12. Accessed March 29, 2018. https://sudaneseonline.com/board/10/msg/1492021319.htm.

Suliman, M. 1998. “Resource access: A major cause of armed conflict in the Sudan. The case of the Nuba Mountains.” https://info.worldbank.org/etools/docs/library/97605/conatrem/conatrem/html/Sudan-Paper.htm.

Sun, R. 2013. “The Stream, August 2: 1 Dead and 15 Wounded in Sri Lanka Protest for Water Quality.” Circle of Blue, August 2. https://www.circleofblue.org/waternews/2013/the-stream/the-stream-august-2-one-dead-15-wounded-in-sri-lanka-protest-for-water-quality/.

Sundberg, Ralph and Erik Melander. 2013. Introducing the UCDP Georefernced Event Dataset. Journal of Peace Research. 50(4). Accessed January 13, 2022. https://ucdp.uu.se/downloads/index.html#ged_global.

Syria Direct. 2014. “Aleppo water cutoff drags on as regime opposition trade blame.” May 13. https://syriadirect.org/main/37-videos/1370-aleppo-water-cutoff-drags-on-as-regime-opposition-trade-blame.

Taha, R.M. 2012. “Mali conflict spilling over: Influx of refugees from Mali exacerbates political instability in neighbouring Mauritania.” Daily News, Egypt, July 1. https://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2012/07/01/mali-conflict-spilling-over/.

Taj, M. 2016. “Amazonian tribe in Peru takes hostages after oil spill.” Reuters, March 7. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-peru-environment-idUSKCN0W929C.

Tawfeeq, M. and Abdelaziz, S. 2016. “ISIS uses water as weapon in Mosul fight.” December 1, 2016. CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2016/11/30/middleeast/mosul-water-isis/?sr=google_news.

Thatcher, J. 1827. A Military Journal During the American Revolutionary War, From 1775 to 1783. Second Edition, Revised and Corrected. Boston: Cottons and Barnard. https://www.fortklock.com/journal1777.htm.

The Kashmir Monitor. 2018. "2 Haryana villages clash over water, 8 bikes set on fire, 12 injured." June 28, 2018. Accessed January 14, 2022. https://www.thekashmirmonitor.net/2-haryana-villages-clash-over-water-8-bikes-set-on-fire-12-injured/.

The Somali Dir Clan’s History: Codka Beesha Direed. 2012. “Human Right Abuses Somali Issas Dir Clan of Ethiopia and Djabouti.” February 7. Accessed April 4, 2014. https://beeshadireed.blogspot.com/2012_02_07_archive.html.

TheJournal.ie. 2016. “Water, riots, and the Seven Council Fires – what is the Standing Rock protest?” December 5. Accessed August 8, 2019. https://www.thejournal.ie/standing-rock-protests-explainer-3120199-Dec2016/.

TheNewArab. 2019. “India to ‘cut water to Pakistan’ as tensions simmer over Kashmir.” February 22. https://www.alaraby.co.uk/english/news/2019/2/21/india-to-cut-water-to-pakistan-amid-kashmir-tensions.

The Third Pole. 2016. “Two anti-dam activists killed by police in Arunachal.” May 3. https://www.thethirdpole.net/2016/05/03/two-anti-dam-activists-killed-by-police-in-arunachal/.

Tierney, J. and Worth, R.F. 2003. “Attacks in Iraq May Be Signals of New Tactics.” The New York Times, August 18. https://www.nytimes.com/2003/08/18/international/worldspecial/18IRAQ.html?hp.

Times News Network (TNN). 2004. “IED was planted in underground pipe.” The Times of India, December 5. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/947432.cms.

Times of India. 2016. “Water riots in Sehore, 8 hurt, one critical.” May 21. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/bhopal/Water-riots-in-Sehore-8-hurt-one-critical/articleshow/52370080.cms.

Times of India. 2019. “‘Water wars’ intensify, Madhya Pradesh police told to guard tankers.” June 8. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/bhopal/water-wars-intensify-madhya-pradesh-police-told-to-guard-tankers/articleshow/69699330.cms?utm_source=twitter.com&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=TOIDesktop.

Toronto Star. 2007. “Man faces attempted murder charge over water.” November 6. https://www.thestar.com/printArticle/274128.

Totten S., Parsons, W.S., Charny, I.W. (eds). 2004. Century of Genocide: Critical Essays and Eyewitness Accounts. Second Edition. New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-20389-043-1.

Trade Union Confederation. 2001. “Figures: Homicides of Trade-Union Leaders, Activists and Trade Unionists.” Accessed December 6, 2018. https://historico.derechoshumanos.gov.co/Observatorio/Publicaciones/Documents/2010/Boletines/04_boletin_16/cifra16i.htm.

Trew, B. 2018. “Boiling Basra: Residents afraid of their taps as Iraq’s water crisis threatens to destablise the region.” Independent, October 1. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/basra-iraq-water-shortages-crisis-riot-unrest-oil-a8561546.html.

Trew, B. 2019. “South Sudan, where a water shortage is leading to child kidnappings and rape.” Independent, April 19. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/south-sudan-water-crisis-war-conflict-women-a8853176.html.

Triebert, C. 2015. “Syria’s Bombed Water Infrastructure: An OSINT Inquiry.” Bellingcat, December 11. https://www.bellingcat.com/news/mena/2015/12/11/syrias-bombed-water-infrastructure/.

Trilling, D. 2014. “Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan: What’s Next After Border Shootout?” Eurasianet.org, January 13. https://www.eurasianet.org/node/67934.

Troung, A.G. and Cooper, T. 2003. “Laos, 1948-1989 Part 2.” Air Combat Information Group, November 3. https://www.acig.info/CMS/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=238&Itemid=47.

TRT World. 2017. “Regime forces capture Aleppo’s main water supply plant.” March 8. https://www.trtworld.com/mea/regime-forces-capture-aleppo-s-main-water-supply-plant–5588. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-39199023.

TRT World. 2019. “More than 130 killed in Mali’s hunter-herder clashes as UN visits.” March 24, 2019. https://www.trtworld.com/africa/more-than-130-killed-in-mali-s-hunter-herder-clashes-as-un-visits-25205.

Tschanz, D.W. 2006. “’Eye of newt and toe of frog’ – Biotoxins in Warfare.” Strategy Page. https://www.strategypage.com/articles/?target=biotoxin.htm&reader=long.

Tucker, J.B. (ed). 2000. Toxic Terror: Assessing Terrorist Use of Chemical and Biological Weapons. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.

Turton, A.R., 2005. “A Critical Assessment of the River Basins at Risk in the Southern African Hydropolitical Complex.” Paper presented at the Workshop on the Management of International Rivers and Lakes, hosted by the Third World Centre for Water Management and the Helsinki University of Technology. 17-19 August, Helsinki, Finland. CSIR Report No. ENV-P-CONF 2005-001.

Ul Hassan, I. 2012. “Militants sabotage works on J&K lake.” Daily News and Analysis, August 30. https://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-militants-sabotage-works-on-jk-lake-1734411.

UN Environment Programme and UN Center for Human Settlements. 1999. The Kosovo Conflict: Consequences for the Environment & Human Settlements. Accessed August 22, 2019. https://reliefweb.int/report/serbia/kosovo-conflict-consequences-environment-human-settlements.

UN Environmental Program (UNEP). 2011. Water Issues in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: Challenges and Opportunities, Technical Report. Nairobi, Kenya. https://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/UNEP_DRC_water.pdf.

UN Human Rights Council. 2016. Investigation by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on Libya: Detailed findings. February 23.

UN News Centre. 2017. “Inter-communal tensions in Darfur threaten return of millions of displaced people, Security Council told.” January 12. https://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=55953#.WNrihfnsIdX.

UN News Service. 2013. “Thousands of people in danger in DR Congo as clashes continue in Kitchanga – UN.” March 7. https://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=44311.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA). 2007. “Burkina Faso: Innovation and education needed to head off water war.” https://www.irinnews.org/PrintReport.aspx?ReportId=74308.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA). 2017. “Conflict cuts water supply for thousands in Eastern Ukraine.” https://www.unocha.org/story/conflict-cuts-water-supply-thousands-eastern-ukraine.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA). 2018a. Ukraine: Humanitarian Snapshot (as of 12 November 2018). United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, November 12. https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/humanitarian_snapshot_20181112.pdf.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA). 2018b. “Ukraine: Humanitarian Snapshot.” OCHA Snapshot. Accessed March 22, 2018. https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/humanitarian_snapshot_20180316_en.pdf.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA). 2019. “Syrian Arab Republic, Recent Developments in Northwestern Syria, Situation Report No. 7 – as of 12 July 2019.” ReliefWeb, July 12. https://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-republic/syrian-arab-republic-recent-developments-northwestern-syria-situation-0.

UN Security Council. 2017. Physical Protection of Critical Infrastructure Against Terrorist Attacks. UN Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED). CTED Trends Report. March 8. https://www.un.org/sc/ctc/news/document/cted-trends-report-wednesday-8-march-2017-physical-protection-critical-infrastructure-terrorist-attacks/.

UNICEF. 2003. “Iraq: Cleaning up neglected, damaged water system, clearing away garbage.” News Note Press Release, May 27. https://www.unicef.org/media/media_6998.html.

UNICEF. 2015. “Statement by Hanaa Singer, UNICEF Representative in Syria on Airstrikes against the Al-Khafsa Water Treatment Facility in Aleppo.” December 1. https://www.unicef.org/media/media_86402.html.

UNICEF. 2016. “Taps run dry for 2 million people as fighting intensifies in Aleppo.” August 9. https://www.unicef.org/media/media_92067.html.

UNICEF. 2018. “Ethiopian Humanitarian Situation Report – May 2018.” SitRep #5 – Reporting Period May 2018. https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/UNICEF%20Ethiopia%20Humanitarian%20Situation%20Report-%20May%202018.pdf.

UNICEF. 2019. “Millions of people risk being cut off from safe water as hostilities escalate in Eastern Ukraine – UNICEF.” July 4. https://www.unicef.org/press-releases/millions-people-risk-being-cut-safe-water-hostilities-escalate-eastern-ukraine.

United Press International (UPI). 1989. “Caller claims responsibility for auction building fire.” January 29. Accessed March 12, 2018. https://www.upi.com/Archives/1989/01/29/Caller-claims-responsibility-for-auction-building-fire/6927602053200/.

United Press International (UPI). 2011. “Gadhafi turns water project into a weapon.” September 2. https://www.upi.com/Business_News/Energy-Resources/2011/09/02/Gadhafi-turns-water-project-into-a-weapon/UPI-66451314984213/.

United Press International (UPI). 2013. “Water woes spark protests in Colombia town.” March 19. https://www.upi.com/Top_News/World-News/2013/03/19/Water-woes-spark-protests-in-Colombia-town/UPI-33391363737929/.

UNOCHA and UNOCHA-Yemen. 2018. “Civilians at extreme risks from airstrikes in Hodeidah.” ReliefWeb, July 29. https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/civilians-extreme-risk-airstrikes-hodeidah-enar?utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=shared&utm_source=twitter.com.

US Agency for International Development. 2019. “Syria – Complex Emergency.” Fact Sheet # 8, Fiscal Year (FY) 2019. ReliefWeb.int, August 9. https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/08.09.19%20-%20USG%20Syria%20Complex%20Emergency%20Fact%20Sheet%20%238.pdf.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. 1953. “Applications of Hydrology in Military Planning and Operations and Subject Classification Index for Military Hydrology Data.” Military Hydrology R&D Branch, Engineering Division, Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army, Washington, D.C.

U.S Department of Defense. 2004. “Annual Report on the Military Power of the People’s Republic of China 2004.” FY04 Report to Congress on PRC Military Power, Pursuant to the FY2000 National Defense Authorization Act. https://www.dod.gov/pubs/d20040528PRC.pdf.

U.S. Department of Justice. 1998. “Terrorism in the United States 1998”. Counterterrorism Threat Assessment and Warning Unit, Counterterrorism Division. U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation.

U.S. Department of State. 2004. “Cote d’Ivoire.” Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. February 25. https://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/2003/27723.htm.

U.S. Department of State. 2005. “Cote d’Ivoire.” 2004 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. February 28. Accessed June 2, 2014. https://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/2004/41599.htm.

U.S. Secretary of State. 1986. Documents on Syrian Support for Terrorism. Telegram dated December 19, 1986. From Secretary of State: To Afghanistan Kabul. Accessed via Wikileaks on September 14, 2018. https://wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/86STATE391887_a.html.

Vanderwood, P.J. 1969. Night Riders of Reelfoot Lake. Memphis, Tennessee: Memphis State University Press.

Vesti. 2014. Dam in line with the North Crimean canal was water metering unit. [in Russian]. May 7. https://vesti.ua/krym/50724-v-rusle-severo-krymskogo-kanala-strojat-uzel-ucheta-vody.

Vidal, J. 2016 “Water supplies in Syria deteriorating fast due to conflict, experts warn.” The Guardian. September 7. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/sep/07/water-supplies-in-syria-deteriorating-fast-due-to-conflict-experts-warn?CMP=Share_iOSApp_Other.

Voice of America. 2009. “China’s Sichuan Province Tense in Aftermath of Violent Anti-Dam Protests.” October 29. https://www.voanews.com/content/a-13-china-sichuan-province-tense-in-aftermath-of-violent-anti-dam-protests-67484397/386462.html.

Votrin, V. 2003. “Transboundary Water Disputes in Central Asia: Using Indicators of Water Conflict in Identifying Water Conflict Potential.” Vrije Universiteit Brussel. https://www.transboundarywaters.orst.edu/publications/abst_docs/related_research/votrin/votrin_thesis.html.

Vulliamy, E. 1991. “Fear At the End of the Basra Road,” Weekend Guardian, May 18-19.

Wabala, D. 2012. “KDF Airlifts Water to Troops as Wells Poisoned.” The Star, Nairobi, September 24. https://allafrica.com/stories/201209250173.html.

Wallenstein, P. and Swain, A. 1997. “International freshwater resources: Conflict or cooperation?” Comprehensive Assessment of the Freshwater Resources of the World. Stockholm: Stockholm Environment Institute.

Walters, E. 1948. Joseph Benson Foraker: Uncompromising Republican. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio History Press. pp. 44-45.

Walton, B. 2012. “Protests break out after India’s Supreme Court rules in favor of downstream state in Cauvery River dispute.” Circle of Blue, October 3. https://www.circleofblue.org/waternews/2012/world/protests-break-out-after-indias-supreme-court-rules-in-favor-of-downstream-state-in-cauvery-river-dispute/.

Waraich, O. 2010. “Has Pakistan’s Military Lost Ground to the Floods?” Time, September 9. https://content.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,2017021,00.html.

Warrick, J. and E. Nakashima. 2020. "Foreign intelligence officials say attempted cyberattack on Israeli water utilities linked to Iran." Washington Post. May 8, 2020. https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/intelligence-officials-say-attempted-cyberattack-on-israeli-water-utilities-linked-to-iran/2020/05/08/f9ab0d78-9157-11ea-9e23-6914ee410a5f_story.html.

Washington Post. 1970. “Note Calls La. Capitol Blast ‘Revenge.'” April 28.

Washington Times, The. 2003. “Al Qaeda warns of threat to water supply.” May 28.

Water Technology. n.d. “GMR (Great Man-Made River) Water Supply Project, Libya.” Accessed May 30, 2014. https://www.water-technology.net/projects/gmr/.

Waterman, S. 2003. “Al-Qaida threat to U.S. water supply.” United Press International (UPI), May 28. https://www.upi.com/Top_News/2003/05/28/Al-Qaida-threat-to-US-water-supply/89541054166129/.

Waterweek. 2002. “Water facility attacked in Colombia.” Waterweek, American Water Works Association, January 2002. https://www.awwa.org/advocacy/news/020602.cfm.

Watts, J. 2016. “Berta Caceres, Honduran human rights and environment activist, murdered.” The Guardian, March 4. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/mar/03/honduras-berta-caceres-murder-enivronment-activist-human-rights?CMP=twt_a-environment_b-gdneco.

Wax, E. 2006. “Dying for water in Somalia’s drought: Amid anarchy, warlords hold precious resource.” The Washington Post, April 14. https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/04/13/AR2006041302116.html.

Webb, M. 2019. “The orphans of Mali’s violence.” Al Jazeera, June 22. Accessed September 3, 2019. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/06/orphans-malis-violence-190622144848067.html.

West, S. 2018. “Resurgence of Al-Shabaab.” Terrorism Monitor. Vol. 16, Iss. 3. The Jamestown Foundation. February 8, 2017. https://jamestown.org/program/resurgence-al-shabaab/.

Whitehead, F. 2015. Water scarcity in Yemen: the country’s forgotten conflict.” The Guardian, April 2. https://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2015/apr/02/water-scarcity-yemen-conflict.

Wikipedia. 2018. NATO Bombing of Yugoslavia. Accessed December 6, 2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NATO_bombing_of_Yugoslavia.

Wiles, J. 2016. “Malheur occupation, explained.” High Country News, January 4. https://www.hcn.org/articles/oregon-occupation-at-wildlife-refuge.

Willig, D., and H. Häusler. 2012. "Aspects of German military geology and groundwater development in World War II." Geological Society, London, Special Publications 362, no. 1 (2012): 187-202.

Wipulasena, Aanya. 2013. “Woes of Weliweriya water war.” The Sunday Times, August 4. https://www.sundaytimes.lk/130804/news/woes-of-weliweriya-water-war-55854.html.

Wolf, A.T. 1995. Hydropolitics along the Jordan River: Scarce Water and its Impact on the Arab-Israeli Conflict. Tokyo, Japan: United Nations University Press.

Wolf, A.T. 1997. ‘Water wars’ and water reality: Conflict and cooperation along international waterways. NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Environmental Change, Adaptation, and Human Security. Budapest, Hungary. 9-12 October.

Wong, E. 2009. “China and India Dispute Enclave on Edge of Tibet.” The New York Times, September 3. https://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/04/world/asia/04chinaindia.html.

Workman, J.G. 2009. Heart of Dryness: How the Last Bushmen Can Help Us Endure the Coming Age of Permanent Drought. New York: Walker & Company.

World Bulletin. 2015. “Philippine town suffers water outage.” June 6. Accessed March 5, 2018. https://www.worldbulletin.net/haber/160398/philippine-town-suffers-water-outage.

World Environment News. 2001. “Philippine rebels suspected of water ‘poisoning.’” https://web.archive.org/web/20030708180932/https:/www.planetark.org/avantgo/dailynewsstory.cfm?newsid=12807.

World Rivers Review (WRR). 1998. “Dangerous Dams: Tajikistan.” Berkeley, California: International Rivers Network, 13(6): 13.

World Vision. 2014. “Eyewitnesses describe ‘pandemonium’ as violence breaks out in Malakal.” February 24. https://www.wvi.org/south-sudan/pressrelease/eyewitnesses-describe-%E2%80%98pandemonium%E2%80%99-violence-breaks-out-malakal.

Worth, R.F. 2010. “Earth Is Parched Where Syrian Farms Thrived.” The New York Times, October 13. https://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/14/world/middleeast/14syria.html.

Wu, H. 2017. “Indian police shoot five protestors dead as framing unrest escalates.” CNN, June 8. https://www.cnn.com/2017/06/08/asia/violence-india-police-shoot-protestors/index.html

Xhinua. 2015. “36 IS militants killed in clashes, airstrikes across Iraq.” Global Times, January 14. Accessed August 13, 2019. https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/901981.shtml.

Xinhua General News Service. 2002. “Colombian Water Treatment Plant Poisoned.” February 23.

Xinhua News. 2012a. “Tribal clash kills 30 along Mali-Burkina Faso border.” May 25. https://news.xinhuanet.com/english/world/2012-05/25/c_131611541.htm.

Xinhua News. 2012b. “Cape Town hit by continued protest against poor service delivery.” August 14.

Yakubu, A. 2008. “Water vendors protest at Nyanya.” Daily Trust, March 4. https://allafrica.com/stories/200803040513.html.

Yeager, C. 2012. “When Gold Loses Its Luster: Four Dead in Peru Mining Protests.” Circle of Blue, July 6. https://www.circleofblue.org/waternews/2012/commentary/editorial-in-the-circle-fresh-focus/when-gold-loses-its-luster-four-dead-in-peru-mining-protests/.

Yemen Data Project. No Date (ND). Airstrikes Dataset. Data exported March 3, 2022. https://yemendataproject.org/data.html.

Zachary, G.P. 1997. “Water pressure: Nations scramble to defuse fights over supplies.” Wall Street Journal, December 4. https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB881199252655910500.

Zambia Daily Mail. 2014. “Wusakile, Chamboli water riots end.” October 22, 2014. https://www.daily-mail.co.zm/?p=8632.

Zanolli, L. 2018. “’They’re billin’ us for killin’ us’: activists fight Dakota pipeline’s final stretch.” The Guardian, October 16. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/oct/16/dakota-access-pipeline-bayou-bridge-protest-activism.

Zemmali, H. 1995. “International humanitarian law and protection of water.” Water and War, Symposium on Water in Armed Conflicts, Montreux 21–23 November 1994, Geneva, International Committee of the Red Cross.